Tips & Tricks for Working with Theories of Family Relativity

In case you’re a MyHeritage DNA buyer, both by taking their DNA test or uploading a file from another vendor, that is an thrilling time. MyHeritage has offered new Theories of Household Relativity and updates, so you’ll wish to test your account. 

Theories of Household Relativity (TOFR) is the wedding of DNA matching with different sorts of hints, resembling:

  • Widespread ancestors and hyperlinks to ancestors in numerous public timber resembling FamilySearch and Geni
  • Widespread ancestors and hyperlinks to ancestors in MyHeritage timber
  • Supporting paperwork, resembling census information

The outcomes are Theories about how you might be associated to your matches, and who your widespread ancestors are.

MyHeritage launched Theories of Household Relativity (TOFR) In February 2019 and periodically runs the algorithm, including new Theories to your DNA outcomes web page.

After preliminary introduction, MyHeritage up to date clients’ TOFR in July 2019, Might 2020, September 2020, and February 2021, so there have been loads of new concept candidates simply ready.

I obtained an e mail from MyHeritage stating that TOFR has been up to date once more, with the next data:

In case you’re nonetheless unfamiliar with Idea of Household Relativity™, this function pulls collectively billions of knowledge factors from throughout all of the household tree profiles and historic information on MyHeritage to deliver you theories about how your DNA Matches could also be associated to you. The calculations are run on a periodic foundation, and since our final replace, numerous new DNA kits, household tree profiles, and historic information have been added to MyHeritage.

Which means that the variety of theories, the variety of DNA Matches that embrace a concept, and the variety of kits which have a concept have all elevated considerably — and so have your probabilities of getting a brand new concept!

On account of this new replace:

    • 25,636,711 Theories of Household Relativity™ had been added
    • 328,439 kits that didn’t have any theories beforehand now have a minimum of one
    • 233,297 further customers may have a minimum of one concept following this replace

What Do I Want for a TOFR to Type?

For a Idea to have the chance to type, you want the next at MyHeritage:

You possibly can try a MyHeritage subscription for free, here.

  • Or, in the event you uploaded your DNA from one other website, the one-time unlock price of $29 additionally supplies entry to the superior DNA instruments, together with TOFR.

TOFRs Type for DNA Matches

For a TOFR to type, first, you must be a DNA match.

Second, you want some mixture of tree hyperlinks and information connecting you and your match with a standard ancestor.

These sources may be:

  • Public timber, like FamilySearch or Geni
  • Personal timber inside MyHeritage
  • Information resembling census or different information connecting ancestors and their offsping

These timber and sources are stitched collectively to create a Idea which you could assessment and ensure or reject.

Bear in mind, Theories are simply that, theories aka clever hints. Accuracy is as much as you to verify.

Let’s step by way of this course of.

How Many New Theories?

What number of new Theories do I’ve, and the way do I discover them?

In my case, I’ve a complete of 91 theories, which is 9 greater than I had the final time Theories was run, representing a ten% enhance. Please be aware that among the older TOFR could have been up to date as effectively.

Nonetheless, for now, I don’t wish to view the Theories that I’ve already processed, simply new ones.

I’ve found a option to view solely Theories which can be new since I processed my TOFR final time.

By processing, I imply

  1. Reviewing the Idea
  2. Confirming or rejecting the Idea
  3. Making notes about my findings
  4. Portray the section(s) to DNAPainter

All of those steps are necessary for various causes.

Viewing Your New Theories

Signal on to your account and click on on DNA on the high, then DNA Matches.

You’ll see a purple banner when you’ve got Theories.

In an effort to see my latest Theories, I’m going to click on on the Filters funnel, then choose Tree Particulars.

Then filter Tree Particulars by “Has Idea of Household Relativity.”

Now I’m solely seeing my matches which have Theories.

Subsequent, I’m going to type these in the latest order.

This permits me to see my latest matches first, that are most likely the most definitely to have TOFR that didn’t have a Idea the final time MyHeritage up to date the Theories. It’s additionally doable that some older matches have new Theories too, however let’s begin with these first.

Why Notes Assist

I at all times make notes after I assessment a match, whether or not it’s a TOFR or a DNA match and not using a TOFR.


Once you create a be aware, the be aware field turns purple.

When a be aware is current on a match, it’s straightforward to see and means I’ve already reviewed that match a minimum of as soon as. In fact, that doesn’t imply I shouldn’t have a look once more. Notes are a means of speaking to myself.

After I see a match and not using a purple be aware icon, I do know for certain that I do certainly must assessment this TOFR as a result of I’ve not achieved so beforehand.

You might use one other methodology to point already analyzed TOFR, such because the star (favorites) or perhaps a coloured match label (sq. field.)

I can’t wait to assessment my new Theories.

Wow – Dutch Matches!!!

My first new Idea is with Gerard from the Netherlands. This can be a VERY thrilling flip of occasions as a result of my mom is 25% Dutch and we’ve got only a few matches on her Dutch strains.

Considered one of MyHeritage’s strengths is that numerous Europeans take a look at with MyHeritage.

Click on to enlarge any picture

My match to Gerard is thru my great-great-grandfather’s sister’s descendants who nonetheless stay within the Netherlands. The connection was made primarily based on tree connections and information.

I really like the round confidence hyperlinks at every be a part of so you’ll be able to see precisely how that connection was made and the boldness stage at every becoming a member of connection.

This specific concept is created from one group tree and three MyHeritage timber, plus information documentation.

My very own tree is a type of timber and so is the FamilySearch Tree. Two different timber are MyHeritage consumer timber, plus two further paperwork.

That is an correct Idea.

Make sure you affirm or reject every Idea in order that MyHeritage can refine their TOFR formation course of and replace your Theories sooner or later.

In fact, Theories are just one facet of matching. You’ll must assessment all the match for extra data.

Evaluation The Whole Match

Every DNA match comes with a big quantity of knowledge.

Click on on Evaluation DNA Match.

The primary piece of knowledge that you simply’ll see is the way you and your match are associated to your widespread ancestor.

Subsequent, you’ll see “Shared Matches” which may show particularly useful.

In my case, as a result of I uploaded my mom’s DNA file to MyHeritage, I can instantly see if Gerard, my Dutch TOFR match, shares DNA with my mom. If it’s a sound match, he’ll match Mom after all. If my mom’s DNA wasn’t accessible, I may search for a match with a sibling, aunt, cousin, or one other shut relative on my mom’s related aspect.

I can even see that we triangulate by the presence of the little purple triangulation widget which might be anticipated with my mom if the match is legitimate and never identical by chance.

I wrote about Triangulation in Action at MyHeritage, here.

We do triangulate, after all.

Triangulating with my mom isn’t terribly exceptional as a result of I obtained half of her DNA, and triangulation with Mother solely implies that we’ve confirmed that the match with Gerard is legitimate.

Since we’ve confirmed that it is a authentic match, let’s have a look at different features of my match with Gerard.

I can even see ethnicities and Genetic Communities that Gerard and I share.

We share three ethnicities and two Genetic Teams.

The Genetic Teams are spot on.

Scrolling on down, I see the place Gerard and I match on our chromosomes.

We match on two segments. One smaller section is on chromosome 12, and a bigger section on chromosome 13.

In fact, we noticed that section when clicking on my mom’s triangulation widget, however that’s a three-way match. This match is simply between me and Gerard.

I’ll be harvesting this section data to paint at DNA Painter the place I collect all of my segments from every vendor and compile them into one chromosome map. This permits me to determine particular segments and stroll every one again in time to earlier ancestors.

For instance, earlier than this match, I knew the section above was assigned to the Ferverda aspect, however now I do know it descends from one (or each) of my 3X great-grandparents. This match pushed my data about that section again three generations in time.

What Can You Do to Get Extra Theories?

You received’t have the ability to get new Theories instantly, however you’ll be able to definitely set your self as much as obtain further TOFR within the subsequent run. I wrote about this course of in detail, here, however in abstract, you’ll be able to:

  1. Encourage cousins to take a DNA test or upload their DNA files (for free) if they’ve examined elsewhere.
  2. Encourage matches, particularly shut matches at different distributors to upload their DNA file to MyHeritage.
  3. In case you or your loved ones members uploaded your DNA from elsewhere, unlock the superior options (together with TOFR) for $29.
  4. Broaden your tree to incorporate your ancestor’s youngsters and descendants, along with your direct ancestor. Every individual you add acts like a little bit deal with for an additional tree to hook onto and be a part of with to type a brand new TOFR. I began by increasing each ancestor by way of their grandchildren, the place doable.
  5. Make sure you hyperlink your DNA, and the DNA of every other assessments that you simply handle, to their correct profile individual in your tree.
  6. Be certain that your tree is public so MyHeritage can join you to different folks by using folks in your tree.
  7. Affirm, or reject, each Good Matches and File Matches for every individual in your tree.
  8. Preserve a MyHeritage subscription (Premium or above,) as famous earlier, so that you’ve entry to and obtain all accessible genealogical and report data.

What Else Can I Do?

Now that you simply’ve evaluated your new Theories and made notes, what else are you able to do to acquire much more data?

Shared Matches

By clicking on “Evaluation DNA Matches,” I can see who I match in widespread with Gerard.

I see that I’ve 62 shared matches, which means different those who Gerard and I each match. Scrolling down the record reveals a number of individuals who have Dutch names or stay within the Netherlands. Sixteen triangulate with me and Gerard, which means we share the identical DNA.

Reviewing these matches individually could reveal whether or not matching segments are from the Ferverda/Ferwerda or the Camstra line.


MyHeritage contains AutoClusters underneath DNA Instruments.

You possibly can order an AutoCluster report. Your TOFR matches and/or Shared Matches could also be included in AutoClusters. Membership in a cluster suggests that every individual within the cluster shares an ancestral line with all the opposite folks within the cluster.

All of those instruments, working collectively, will enable you perceive how you might be associated to your matches, determine your widespread ancestors, and which ancestors contributed particular DNA segments to you.

I wrote about utilizing AutoClusters at MyHeritage to investigate DNA matches, here.

What About You?

What number of new Theories did you obtain with this replace?

Have been any of your present Theories revised?

Did you uncover one thing enjoyable?

Do you may have family or matches who examined elsewhere that is perhaps prepared to upload their DNA for matching?


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