The Woman Who Fell From The Skies – Part 4

So that you’ve discovered a robust candidate to your lacking ancestor, however have you ever gone the additional distance to show that they’re the individual you’ve been searching for? Have you ever thought-about tracing ahead all of the attainable candidates to remove all bar one? Have you ever examined contradictory proof and tried to resolve it?

Within the closing a part of this case examine, I’ll dot these I’s and cross these T’s. These are important steps to show an excellent case right into a stable genealogical proof.

Beforehand – I discovered a robust candidate for Mary Jane Hyland, born in Liverpool in 1864 quite than in Eire in 1870. Aside from her 12 months of start, it matched the whole lot that I’d established about her origins and her father. I used to be very assured that this was my Mary Jane Hyland. However was it proof?

Partly 3 we accomplished the elimination of all different candidates for Mary Jane Hyland born in Liverpool by tracing all of them and eliminating them one after the other:

Backward-looking elimination of candidates

Many household historians would suppose this was ample proof to definitively hyperlink the final remaining candidate with the ancestor beneath investigation. I urge warning. There may be an extra stage of proof gathering and evaluation that we should undertake first: forward-looking elimination of candidates.

Ahead-Trying Elimination of Candidates

Ahead-looking elimination of candidates requires that we seek for all older candidates for Mary Jane:

  • Are there every other census entries involving girls referred to as Mary Jane Hyland after 1881?
  • Are there every other marriages involving a Mary Jane Hyland after 1881?
  • Are there every other deaths involving a Mary Jane Hyland after 1881?

As soon as we create an inventory of potential candidates we then attempt to remove them separately. With time and a little bit effort we hope to depart ourselves with just one credible future Mary Jane, the one who married John Bowers in 1894.

Ahead-looking elimination of candidates

1891 Census

Candidate One:

  • Deal with: Leigh Avenue, Warrington, Lancashire;
  • Mary Jane Hyland, aged 21, approx 12 months of start 1869-1870, single, fatherland Liverpool;
  • Dwelling as a home servant within the family of James West, a draper;
  • No different relations or workers current.

Candidate Two:

  • Deal with: Deysbrook Lane, West Derby, Bootle, Lancashire
  • Mary Hyland, aged 29, approx 12 months of start 1861-1862, single, fatherland West Derby, Lancashire;
  • Dwelling as a home servant within the family of William Howard, a grocer & cow keeper;
  • No different member of the family or workers current.

1901 Census

No clear matches for Mary Jane Hyland.

GRO Marriages

I looked for all marriages of Mary Jane Hyland in England and Wales between 1881 and 1901, yielding 4 potential candidates.

Candidate Three:

  • Identify: Mary Jane Hyland
  • Date: This autumn 1889
  • Place: Ticehurst district, Kent, Quantity 2b, Web page 217
  • Partner Identify: John Henry Bray or James Herbert Foster

Candidate 4:

  • Identify: Mary Jane Hyland
  • Date: This autumn 1891
  • Place: Salford district, Lancashire, Quantity 8d, Web page 12
  • Partner Identify: William Barton or Herbert Dickinson

Candidate 5:

  • Identify: Mary Jane Hyland
  • Date: This autumn 1891
  • Place: Bury district, Lancashire, Quantity 8c, Web page 767
  • Partner Identify: Patrick Maloney or John Sherry

Candidate Six:

  • Identify: Mary Jane Hyland
  • Date: Q2 1894
  • Place: Warrington district, Lancashire, Quantity 8c, Web page 280
  • Partner Identify: John Bowers or John Ostle

GRO Deaths

I looked for all deaths of Mary Jane Hyland in England and Wales between 1881 and 1901, yielding a single candidate.

Candidate Seven:

  • Identify: Mary Jane Hyland
  • Date: This autumn 1890
  • Place: Liverpool district, Lancashire, Quantity 8b, Web page 89
  • Age: 28, approx 12 months of start 1871-1872

Candidate Elimination

I’m assured that candidates 1 and 6 each consult with our Mary Jane (see components 1 and a pair of). So our goal is to remove as most of the different candidates as attainable.

Candidate Two: Goes by the title of simply Mary Hyland, not Mary Jane. We established by detailed evaluation of the timeline (see half 2) that my ancestor all the time makes use of her center title Jane, generally utilizing simply Jane and dropping the Mary. I believe, due to this fact, that whereas this candidate has an analogous 12 months and fatherland, the title proof in all probability excludes her. Eradicated.

Candidate Three: I used the parish register information on Discover My Previous to see the register entry for this marriage. It confirmed that the bride’s father’s title was Thomas Hyland, not William Hyland. Eradicated.

Candidate 4: I used to be unable to seek out a web based register entry for this marriage, although on Lancashire BMD (http://lancashirebmd.org.uk/) I used to be in a position to uncover that the wedding was to William Barton (not Herbert Dickinson) and that it occurred at Church of the Ascension in Salford. My solely possibility to seek out the bride’s father’s title was to ship off for the wedding certificates. Eleven kilos and some days later I obtained the certificates which confirmed the bride’s father was John Hyland (deceased), a tailor, not William Hyland. Eradicated.

Candidate 5: As soon as once more I used to be unable to seek out a web based register entry for this marriage. Lancashire BMD proved that the wedding was to Patrick Maloney (not John Sherry). Once more, I needed to ship off for the certificates. The bride’s father’s title was John Hyland, a labourer in a rubber works, not William Hyland. Eradicated.

Candidate Seven: Once more, I used to be unable to seek out a web based parish register entry for this occasion. Being a loss of life I used to be at the least in a position to ship off for a PDF of the loss of life certificates through the GRO, costing solely £7 and arriving in my inbox inside a couple of days. This confirmed that Mary Jane Hyland, aged 28, a hawker of 20 Banaster Avenue [sic], Liverpool, died within the Liverpool workhouse on twentieth October 1890. This was inadequate data to remove her, so I searched the 1891 census on Discover My Previous for anybody with the surname of Hyland residing in Banaster avenue. A household of Hylands have been certainly residing on a Banstre avenue [correct spelling], headed by John Hyland, aged 45, and Bridget Hyland, aged 43 and with two different daughters. It appears very doubtless that this candidate was their eldest daughter. Eradicated.

Nice! So, we’ve eradicated all of the alternate forward-looking candidates. There may be another step we have to take to actually nail the case – look at conflicting proof.

Analyse Conflicting Proof

Trawling by way of the timeline and my analysis log there are two points which have niggled at me all through this course of:

  1. Mary Jane’s age diversified considerably, making it troublesome to make sure I had the identical individual throughout all of the information.
  2. Mary Jane’s fatherland diversified at totally different instances of her life.

Inconsistent Age

Occasion Place Reported by Date Said Age Diff from actual age
Delivery Nice Richmond Avenue, Liverpool Mom 18 Dec 1864 0 0
Census Peach St, Liverpool Mom 2 Apr 1871 6 0
Census Walnut St, Liverpool Mom 3 Apr 1881 16 0
Census Leigh St, Warrington Employer 5 Apr 1891 21 -5
Banns to John Arnold St Elphin, Warrington Self 6 Dec 1891 23 -3
Marriage to John Bowers St Paul, Warrington Self 20 Could 1894 23 -6
Census Plumpton St, Warrington Husband 31 Mar 1901 28 -8
Census Prince St, Warrington Husband 2 Apr 1911 38 -8
Loss of life Infirmary, Warrington Daughter Florence 13 Could 1930 59 -6

Evaluation of age information: Whereas in Liverpool, Mary Jane’s age as reported by her mom is constant and correct. The Mary Jane residing in Warrington provides consistently differing accounts of her age. In 1891 she states her age as each 21 and 23 in the identical 12 months, but three years later at her marriage to John Bowers she remains to be apparently 23. On the 1901 census seven years later she has reportedly aged by solely 5 extra years. Her age apparently varies relying on who’s reporting it and even varies when she self reviews it, suggesting that being obscure or opposite about her age was a sample of behaviour all through her grownup life. I believe, due to this fact, that the proof of age variations in not ample to say that the Liverpool and Warrington Mary Janes are totally different folks.

Inconsistent Place of Delivery

Occasion Said Place of Delivery Reported by Date
Delivery Liverpool Mom 18 Dec 1864
Census Liverpool Mom 2 Apr 1871
Census Liverpool Mom 3 Apr 1881
Census Liverpool Employer 5 Apr 1891
Census Eire Husband 31 Mar 1901
Census Liverpool Husband 2 Apr 1911

Evaluation of fatherland information: When put on this context the 1901 census stands out because the inconsistent assertion. This may maybe be defined by Mary Jane having advised her husband that her household/mother and father have been Irish. Regardless of the purpose, John precisely displays her actual fatherland as Liverpool within the 1911 census. It is going to be fascinating to see what her fatherland is reported to be when the 1921 census is launched in a couple of years.

Conclusion

  1. The Mary Jane Hyland who married John Bowers in 1894 in Warrington is the one individual of that title to state her father as “William Hyland (deceased)” in any information I’ve been in a position to uncover.
  2. The daughter of William & Margaret Hyland, born on 18 December 1865 in Liverpool is the one candidate for the spouse of John Bowers of Warrington, and William Hyland was certainly deceased by 1894.
  3. Though there are inconsistencies within the acknowledged ages of Mary Jane when she lived in Liverpool versus the information discovered for Warrington, there was additionally a sample of inconsistent age reporting in Warrington, so I don’t discover that this could exclude the 2 folks from being one and the identical.

I’m happy that my ancestor Mary Jane Hyland was born on 18 Dec 1865 in Liverpool to William & Margaret Hyland. Till and until new proof emerges to contradict this evaluation, this case could be thought-about confirmed!