Anna of Bohemia, Queen of Hungary. Courtesy of

Generally – as Chris Child and Jeff Record know – one will get drawn again to the identical subject material solely to seek out new patterns. (I might enterprise to say many different genealogists know this dynamic nicely.) For me, on this instance, it’s an curiosity in matrilineal traces, a favourite topic of my colleague Julie Helen Otto; these days, this curiosity has taken form across the progeny of Anna of Bohemia, Queen of Hungary, whose husband later succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor. To take a look at her daughters’ daughters (and daughters’ sons) is to enter a thicket of queens and kings, empresses and princes. Famously, each Queen Victoria and Catherine the Great descend from Anna by way of the feminine line – a topic for an additional submit, maybe?

Right now, although, I need to give attention to the curious incontrovertible fact that an unbroken sequence of Queens of France (and the wives of the Dauphin, or Crown Prince, often called Dauphines) had been matrilineal descendants of Anna of Bohemia, which signifies that, except for Henri IV, the Kings and Dauphins of France on this line had been Anna’s matrilineal descendants as nicely.

What can it have meant, that Marie de Medici, her daughter-in-law Anne of Austria, her daughter-in-law (and niece) Marie Therese of Spain, her daughter-in-law Marie Anne Victoire of Bavaria, and her daughter-in-law Marie Adelaide of Savoy (in addition to Marie Adelaide’s potential daughter-in-law, Marianne Victoire of Spain) all descended within the feminine line from this Queen of Hungary? Whereas every bride provided inducements to the French kings – Marie Therese was the eventual heiress of Spain – these princesses belonged to the uncommon caste of lady eligible to marry a King of France. And, but, there have been different brides of equal eligibility, so it appears extraordinary that Henri IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, and Louis XIV’s son, grandson, and great-grandson (later Louis XV) married (or grew to become engaged to) ladies from the identical ancestral inventory.

One other means of taking a look at it: Henri IV and Marie de Medici had been a patrilineal couple within the ancestry of their son Louis XIII and his successors, however they had been additionally a matrilineal couple within the ancestry of Marie Therese of Spain (Louis XIV’s first spouse), Marie Anne Victoire of Bavaria (spouse of the Grand Dauphin), and Marie Adelaide of Savoy (spouse of the Duke of Burgundy, later the second Dauphin of Louis XIV, and the dad and mom of Louis XV).

Click on on picture to develop it.

Seeing it in chart kind helps. Louis XIII and his sister Elisabeth married their second cousins (from France’s most necessary close to neighbor); Louis XIV and his brother Philippe married their first cousins; and the Grand Dauphin and the youthful Dauphin married second cousins – extra to the purpose, King Louis XIV was nicely conscious of the Electress of Bavaria (his first cousin) and the Duchess of Savoy (Marie Adelaide’s mom), his niece. So these had been necessary marriages, dynastically and politically, however they had been inside comparatively shut household connections, regardless of how distant the bride’s residence nation.

Lastly, within the engagement of the kid King Louis XV and his first cousin, daughter of his late father’s brother King Felipe V, there was a short try at holding this necessary alliance to the fore. As a substitute, Louis XV married the Princess of Poland, Marie Lescynska. After all, a technology later Louis XV’s son, the Dauphin of the day, married Mariana Victoria’s younger sister, one other matrilineal descendant of Anna of Bohemia – however, actually, it’s all an excessive amount of!