Jacob Dobkins (1751-1835); Several Bullet Holes Through His Clothes – 52 Ancestors #344

Jacob Dobkins is a kind of border ancestors. What do I imply by that? Some ancestors spanned sure occasions or timeframes. Certainly one of these essential junctions was the Revolutionary Conflict and the westward motion from the colonies into the frontier.

What occurred throughout this era was that many males, and a few households, traveled westward. Usually courthouses have been burned throughout subsequent wars and any paperwork that did exist have been destroyed. Typically these paperwork by no means existed within the first place.

Many occasions, we discover these males of their new location with no ties backward in time. At the least none that we will discover.

The place did they arrive from? Who have been they and who have been their wives?

A number of researchers spent many years making an attempt to piece the lifetime of Jacob collectively. Luckily, Jacob served within the Revolutionary Conflict and utilized for a pension in Claiborne County, Tennessee, however that definitely was not the place he started his life.

One of many challenges monitoring Jacob is that the surname is spelled quite a lot of methods: Dobkins, Dobbins, Dobikins, and extra.

Start and Early Years

Jacob was born about 1751 in Augusta County, Virginia, the portion that turned Dunmore, now Shenandoah County, to Captain John Dobkins, additionally spelled Dobikins, and his spouse, Elizabeth whose surname is unknown however rumored to be Moore. (DAR Patriot Index and The Individuals’s Historical past of Claiborne County, Tennessee 1801-2005, Vol. II, web page 164). In 1775 Jacob married Darcus or Dorcas Johnson in Dunmore County, Virginia (Marriage Bonds 1772-1850).

Invoice Nevils, very long time and now deceased Dobkins researcher confirmed that Jacob was born in Frederick Co., VA, and married in 1775 in Dunsmore Co., VA. Invoice’s work was glorious, however I want he had shared his sources as he wrote.

Jacob’s age is taken from his utility for a Revolutionary Conflict pension in 1832 the place he states that he’s 81 years previous. Thank goodness for that declaration, as a result of that’s the one semi-firm delivery yr now we have from Jacob’s personal lips.

We first discover Jacob listed on the Fincastle, Virginia delinquent tax record in 1773 with one taxable individual – himself. After all, since Jacob was “not discovered,” he had moved on from wherever he was dwelling by the point the tax collector arrived.

The place was that? Good query.

When Fincastle County was created from Botetourt County in 1772, it included all the pieces to the Mississippi River together with the current state of Kentucky, all of West Virginia south of the Kanawha and New Rivers, Virginia west of the crest of the Blue Ridge and basically south of current Roanoke and Craig Counties.

Dunmore County, now extinct and renamed as Shenandoah County, was created in 1772 from Fincastle. At the moment, Lord Dunmore was main the army opposition to the “rebels” in Virginia and had already issued the notorious Emancipation Proclamation providing to free any slave who fled their Virginia masters and joined the Royal British forces.

Fincastle Co., VA 1773 Delinquent Tax Listing
Jacob Dobbins Not discovered – 1

Elsewhere the surname transcribed from this file is spelled Dobins.

In 1777 Fincastle was divided into Montgomery, Washington, and Kentucky counties. Its data have been retained by Montgomery County which explains why these delinquent accounts are discovered among the many Montgomery County delinquent lists.

That first tax record is described as a listing of inhabitants on the Clinch River which flows via the current Virginia counties of Russell, Scott, Tazewell, and Clever. The second and third lists are usually not recognized as to space and could also be compiled lists. The locations of the delinquents are primarily adjoining counties together with Bedford and Pittsylvania east of the Blue Ridge and Augusta County to the north. Because the current state of Kentucky was part of Fincastle County right now, the Indian land referenced was most likely in Tennessee or Ohio.

In Could of 1774, Lord Dunmore’s War commenced when he, as Virginia’s Governor, basically declared warfare between Virginia and the Native folks. This battle resulted from escalating violence between white settlers who believed that in accordance with the Deal with of Fort Stanwix in 1768 that that they had the correct to settle the lands south of the Oho, present-day Kentucky, Ohio, and southwest Pennsylvania, and the Iroquois Confederacy who had the correct to hunt there.

The Virginia militia, all-volunteer, was referred to as into service. Entry Family tree has transcribed the rosters of the models and the lads on the early forts – though some lists are incomplete.

Many models participated within the Battle of Point Pleasant in October of 1774, however some didn’t. A transcribed record of volunteers in Robert Doack’s Company of Militia who defended the frontier in 1774, however didn’t take part within the Battle of Level Nice embrace one Jacob Dobler. I strongly suspect that is Jacob Dobkins, his title misspelled. I wish to see the unique doc.

Jacob married Dorcas Johnson in 1775 in Dunmore County. His brother, Evan, married Margaret Johnson, presumably a sister of Dorcas on January 30, 1775.

Jacob, together with Evin (typically transcribed incorrectly as Kevin) and Reuben seem on a Dunmore County militia roster dated Could 29, 1775, so we all know that they have been dwelling in present-day Shenandoah County at the moment.

Evin (Evan) and Reuben are each presumed to be Jacob’s brothers provided that there are not any different Dobkins households dwelling anyplace shut. Primarily based on this file, they might all have been born round 1750, give or take a yr or two.

Shenandoah County was created in 1776 to interchange Dunmore who proved to be a particularly unpopular governor.

In 1776, Jacob’s son, John Dobkins was born. Daughter Elizabeth was most likely born in 1777, adopted by Jane, also referred to as Jenny, about 1778. Each Elizabeth and Jenny married Campbell brothers.

Jacob Dobkins enlisted in Captain Todd’s Firm at Harrodsburg (ultimately Kentucky) in Could 1779 and served for 2 years throughout the Revolutionary Conflict. In 1780 he joined Captain McGary’s Firm of Colonel George Rodgers Clark’s military and took part within the Piqua marketing campaign in opposition to the Shawnee Indians of Ohio in the summertime of 1780.

Jacob was clearly a VERY good distance away from dwelling, however returned to Shenandoah County after the warfare. Nevertheless, that itch to maneuver to the frontier had already taken maintain.

Jacob’s title, together with John and Reuben Dobkins, seems on the Shenandoah County heads of household census of 1783.  They don’t seem on the 1785 Virginia tax record “census” so that they will need to have migrated to the western lands within the spring of 1785.

We’ve the names of 4 brothers: Jacob, Evan, Reuben and John Dobkins.

What occurred to Jacob within the warfare?

The Conflict

In 1775 Jacob enlisted within the American Revolutionary Conflict in Shenandoah County in native Militia # 6 in Jacob Holeman’s Firm (Revolutionary Conflict Information, Vol 1, VA).

In 1780, this unit was mustered out to repel the British Invasion, however Jacob was already serving in Kentucky, so solely Reuben and Evin would have been serving with the Holeman unit.

This data was initially taken from Jacob Dobkins’ utility for a army pension in 1832 from the Claiborne County Court docket notes and later augmented by each the unique petition and different historic data. The spelling and a few punctuation has been modernized to help in readability. Be aware that the author slips backwards and forwards between third-person and first-person because the narrative unfurls as Jacob speaks. I can simply see the court docket clerk writing along with his quill pen as Jacob, then an previous man, testified, describing occasions that befell half a century earlier.

Jacob Dobkins, aged 81, …being duly sworn…states that he has not attended any Court docket of Justice in fifteen years final previous and that he’s very infirm and decrepit and about fifteen years in the past he met with the misfortune of getting his shoulder and collar bone broke [sic] which has drastically disabled him from getting about. He additionally states that he’s a lot stricken with the phrumatic (sic) pains.

He additionally states that he entered the service of america underneath the next named officers and served as herein said. That within the yr 1779 and within the month of Could in mentioned yr he resided in Kentucky at Harrods Burgh when he enlisted within the service of his nation underneath Capt. Todd, which mentioned firm was hooked up to the troop commanded by Colonel Bowman.

(Web page 2 of the unique doc.) Colonel Bowman shortly afterward marched to the Chilicothe cities in opposition to the Indians and the corporate to which this applicant belonged to commanded by Capt. Todd was left to protect the fort at Harrodsburgh the place he remained till the spring 1780 and this applicant states that he was then transferred to an organization commanded by Capt. McGarry [?] and we marched to the Shawnee Springs the place we constructed a fort and afterwards, the corporate which this applicant belonged to was ordered to march to the falls of the Ohio with the view of guarding the artillery up the river which we accordingly did and joined the troops commanded by Basic Clark. Someday within the month of July within the yr 1780 we have been then ordered by Basic Clark to march up the river with a view to kill provisions for the military. We accordingly marched up the river to the mouth of the Kentucky River the place we tried to cross the river to hitch the primary military who have been camped on the opposite facet of the river. The Indians made an assault upon us and within the engagement we misplaced ten of our males. We then marched up the river to Cincinnati the place we joined the troops commanded by Colonel Logan. We then constructed a block home and stationed a guard and the entire of the steadiness of the military marched to the Chilicothe cities (web page 3) and the Indians evacuated the cities and wouldn’t give us battle. We then pursued them to the Pickaway cities the place we arrived within the month of August in mentioned yr. We then discovered the Indians collected collectively and we had a really extreme battle which lasted about three hours and a half. We killed a substantial variety of them, and I feel our loss was about 28 males. This applicant states that he didn’t obtain any wounds within the battle however that there was a number of bullet holes via his garments and applicant states the entire of the military then marched again to Cincinnati and the corporate to which I belonged marched again to the Shawnee Springs the place this applicant was stationed till the month of August 1781 and through which period we had no normal engagements, that a terrific portion of our time was spent in skirmishing events via the nation. Mentioned applicant states that he truly did serve within the military of america placing the entire collectively greater than two years. Applicant states that he doesn’t do not forget that he ever did obtain a discharge and if he did he has misplaced or mislaid it in order that he can not produce it. He states that he has no documentary proof of his providers nor does he know of any dwelling testimony by whom he can show his service. He duly relinquishes each declare to a pension or an annuity besides (web page 4) the current and declares that his title shouldn’t be on the pension roll of any company of any state in anyway.

Signed by Jacob Dobkins

I like that now we have Jacob’s precise signature, as shakey because it was. It’s the one private factor left of him, apart from his DNA carried by his descendants.

Historical past Involving Jacob’s Models

What can historical past inform us about what Jacob was doing when mixed along with his pension utility? Let’s take this aside, piece by piece.

Jacob Dobkins, aged 81, …being duly sworn…states that he has not attended any Court docket of Justice in fifteen years final previous and that he’s very infirm and decrepit and about fifteen years in the past he met with the misfortune of getting his shoulder and collar bone broke [sic] which has drastically disabled him from getting about.

This tells us that when Jacob was about 66 years previous, he had some kind of painful accident that broke his shoulder and collar bone and by no means healed appropriately. Jacob was a farmer and used mules and horses to plow and for different farm associated actions. After all, horsepower was the one strategy to get to city, apart from strolling. I’ve to surprise if he fell, or one thing fell on him.

I can solely think about how painful this will need to have been – to not point out disabling. Fortunately, households took care of each other. We all know he lived beside his son Solomon and really close to his two sons-in-law, John and George Campbell.

He additionally states that he’s a lot stricken with the phrumatic (sic) pains.

I’m presuming right here that he meant what is named rheumatoid arthritis, at this time.

He additionally states that he entered the service of america underneath the next named officers and served as herein said. That within the yr 1779 and within the month of Could in mentioned yr he resided in Kentucky at Harrods Burgh when he enlisted within the service of his nation underneath Capt. Todd, which mentioned firm was hooked up to the troop commanded by Colonel Bowman.

What was Jacob doing in Harrodsburg in 1779? He says he already was dwelling there.

These data printed within the Genealogy Trails that apply to Kentucky land entries filed in Fincastle County, Virginia embrace one John Dobbins who may effectively have been John Dobkins, Jacob’s father, or maybe Jacob’s brother John.

Identify Date Kind Zone Assignee Location Web page
Dobbin, John 80.01.11 PW 6 N Elkhorn 126

PW = a presumption of 1000 acres for enhancing previous to 1778. In 1780, one John Smith appeared and represented the declare of John Dobbin on January 11, 1780, which means the declare had been offered.

In line with Wikipedia, North Elkhorn Creek begins simply east of Lexington and flows 75.4 miles (121.3 km) via Fayette and Scott counties, and into Franklin County, the place it meets the South Elkhorn on the Forks of the Elkhorn east of Frankfort.

South Elkhorn Creek begins in Fayette County, and flows 52.8 miles (85.0 km) via Woodford, Scott, and Franklin counties to succeed in the Forks of the Elkhorn. South Elkhorn Creek defines the boundary between Scott and Woodford counties. Past the Forks of the Elkhorn, the confluent waters movement north and empty into the Kentucky River north of Frankfort.

Elkhorn isn’t anyplace near Harrodsburg. The southernmost a part of Elkhorn terminates in Elkhorn Lake, close to Payne Hole on the northern facet of the mountain vary between Letcher County Kentucky, and Clever County, Virginia.

In 1779 when Jacob enlisted, Harrodsburg was a small village within the middle of the wilderness, solely 5 years previous. What’s now Kentucky was a part of Virginia, and the Shawnee folks have been very sad, caught within the center, feeling betrayed by each white males and different Native folks.

In 1775, the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (now Elizabethton, TN) was signed between Richard Henderson of the Transylvania Firm and the Cherokee folks. It opened for settlement the realm from the Ohio River south to the Watauga settlement, together with Harrodsburg.

The Shawnee folks, who inhabited the lands, weren’t concerned within the negotiations and, understandably, refused to just accept the phrases of the treaty. Therefore, they felt betrayed by the Cherokee, that their lands have been being invaded, and tried to repel settlers whom they considered as trespassers.

The primary European settlers have been both fairly courageous or foolhardy, I’m unsure which. Inside a couple of years, makes an attempt have been being made to settle the land past the few longhunters that frequented the realm.

The passage of a Land Act was an essential occasion of the yr 1779. As much as that point land had been acquired with out cash and virtually with out worth, however in that yr the general public lands of Virginia assumed a brand new significance. That naturally was the end result of the Act by advantage of which Commissioners have been appointed to sit down as a Court docket to look at and grant certificates of settlements and preemptions. A Court docket was held in Harrodsburg on the thirteenth day of October and all who had claims to land have been obliged to attend and state them.

Of a number of the happenings of this yr E. Foley writes: “We began from Frederick County, Virginia, and settled Bowmans fall 1779 in regards to the center of December; my mom was the primary white girl that was there for a while and our coming was the primary settling of station. There was nothing however a camp there until a while in March as a result of it was too chilly to work. As quickly as we had gotten an excellent camp Col. Bowman introduced his household from Harrodsburg and by Spring we had 20 farms…”

The yr 1775 noticed an inflow of settlers to this part, the brand new arrivals coming from Virginia and North Carolina, and Harrodsburg acquired its quota. A quantity, it’s mentioned, clustered round Harrod’s previous cabin the rising settlement. This yr, too, noticed a graduation made within the work of erecting the Fort which rising numbers and the ever current menace of the Indians rendered a necessity. It’s mentioned that on the arrival of the pioneers within the earlier yr a brief fort or shelter was established, however I’ve discovered no point out of this anyplace, and it could be merely a matter of custom.

The yr 1776 noticed the completion of the fort which probably was drastically accelerated by Clark’s encouragement and instance. Certainly one of his schemes right now was Virginia possession for Kentucky, deciding to name upon for defense. On June 6 he referred to as a gathering of the settlers at Harrodsburg and so they determined to ship delegates or deputies to the Meeting of Virginia and Williamsburg with a petition asking the Meeting to ascertain the County of Kentucky. Clark and John Gabriel Jones, a lawyer, have been elected because the delegates.

Clark was in Harrodsburg in 1777 and there he wrote an attention-grabbing diary which he had begun within the earlier December and which was concluded on March 30, 1778. On this diary he says: “March sixth, 1777, Thomas Shores and William Ray Killed on the Shawnee Spring.”

Within the Spring the Court docket of Quarter Classes held its first sitting at Harrodsburg attended by the Sheriff of the county and its Clerk, Levi Todd. The primary Court docket of Kentucky was composed of John Todd, John Floyd, Benjamin Logan, John Bowman and Richard Calloway. Simply after the Court docket had adjourned, the Fort was attacked by the Indians and it’s mentioned that every one the hunters and surveyors have been pushed from the encompassing nation and compelled to take refuge within the fort.

This census of kinds, taken from the journal of certainly one of Harrod’s males is enlightening.

Virtually each man at or close to Fort Harrod was within the service.

In 1779, Col. Bowman left Frederick County with a number of households to settle Harrodsburg.

Provided that Jacob says he enlisted at Harrodsburg, he was both already there or was with this group of households. For all we all know, his father, John, and brothers could have been amongst this social gathering as effectively. Regardless, we all know positively that Jacob was in Harrodsburg in Could.

The scenario with the Shawnee continued to escalate and deteriorate.

Colonel Bowman shortly afterward marched to the Chilicothe cities in opposition to the Indians and the corporate to which this applicant belonged to commanded by Capt. Todd was left to protect the fort at Harrodsburgh the place he remained till the spring 1780…

In different phrases, Jacob spent nearly all of a yr guarding the fort. The march to Chillicothe befell in Could of 1779, the identical month Jacob enlisted.

Fort Harrod

We’re lucky {that a} replica of Fort Harrod exists at this time within the Previous Fort Harrod State Park.

By FloNight (Sydney Poore) and Russell Poore – self-made by Russell and Sydney Poore, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2806881

The precise fort location is underneath the Fort car parking zone at this time.

Your entire park is just 15 acres.

You’ll be able to view the inside of the fort, here, and here. Think about Jacob and all the households dwelling on this small house together with all of their animals within the corral contained in the fort.

The fort housed a militia blockhouse, a household blockhouse, a number of cabins, a college, minister’s cabin and the chief’s cabin. Moreover, two freshwater springs have been situated throughout the fort.

These springs served a number of functions. Ingesting water, in fact, however in addition they eliminated the necessity to exit the fort to retrieve water if the Indians have been attacking.

Moreover, the Shawnee would set forts afire to burn the settlers and militia out, however as a result of the water supply was throughout the fort, that tactic by no means labored at Fort Harrod.

The partitions have been 14 toes tall, with the underside 4 toes buried within the floor. The posts measured greater than a foot in diameter, so I can think about the lads felling these massive timber. Ten foot gates have been situated on the north and west partitions.

Contained in the partitions, blockhouses sat on the southwest and southeast corners the place the higher story prolonged 2 toes outdoors the partitions to permit the troopers to shoot alongside the perimeter of the partitions. It was right here that Jacob would have spent most of his time whereas on responsibility, guarding and watching.

Between the blockhouses have been seven 20×20 foot story-and-a-half homes separated by 10 toes. A single-story cabin was constructed subsequent to the east nook and used as a college and a blacksmith store was situated on the southern wall contained in the fort.

You’ll be able to watch a number of YouTube movies exhibiting inside Previous Fort Harrod with tales advised by interpreters here, here, here and here. One of many unique rifles on the fort nonetheless exists and is mounted on the wall. Jacob would have carried a rifle or long-gun like this, together with the powder horn.

Have a look. Even when your ancestor isn’t concerned with Fort Harrod, this offers unimaginable perspective in regards to the settlement of the frontiers.

Someday within the month of July within the yr 1780 we have been then ordered by Basic Clark to march up the river with a view to kill provisions for the military. We accordingly marched up the river to the mouth of the Kentucky River the place we tried to cross the river to hitch the primary military who have been camped on the opposite facet of the river. The Indians made an assault upon us and within the engagement we misplaced ten of our males. We then marched up the river to Cincinnati the place we joined the troops commanded by Colonel Logan. We then constructed a block home and stationed a guard and the entire of the steadiness of the military marched to the Chilicothe cities (web page 3) and the Indians evacuated the cities and wouldn’t give us battle. We then pursued them to the Pickaway cities the place we arrived within the month of August in mentioned yr. We then discovered the Indians collected collectively and we had a really extreme battle which lasted about three hours and a half. We killed a substantial variety of them, and I feel our loss was about 28 males. This applicant states that he didn’t obtain any wounds within the battle however that there was a number of bullet holes via his garments and applicant states the entire of the military then marched again to Cincinnati and the corporate to which I belonged marched again to the Shawnee Springs the place this applicant was stationed till the month of August 1781 and through which period we had no normal engagements, that a terrific portion of our time was spent in skirmishing events via the nation. Mentioned applicant states that he truly did serve within the military of america placing the entire collectively greater than two years. Applicant states that he doesn’t do not forget that he ever did obtain a discharge and if he did he has misplaced or mislaid it in order that he can not produce it. He states that he has no documentary proof of his providers nor does he know of any dwelling testimony by whom he can show his service. He duly relinquishes each declare to a pension or an annuity besides (web page 4) the current and declares that his title shouldn’t be on the pension roll of any company of any state in anyway.

…and this applicant states that he was then transferred to an organization commanded by Capt. McGarry [?] and we marched to the Shawnee Springs the place we constructed a fort and afterwards, the corporate which this applicant belonged to was ordered to march to the falls of the Ohio with the view of guarding the artillery up the river which we accordingly did and joined the troops commanded by Basic Clark.

The Captain’s title may have been James McGinty. He and his spouse, Anne, established the primary bizarre, reproduced throughout the fort at this time, and are each buried within the cemetery at Fort Harrod.

Nevertheless, primarily based on the point out of Shawnee Springs about 6 miles distant from Fort Harrod, land was claimed by Hugh McGary, I’d wager that the person being referenced is Hugh McGary. His required land enchancment was most likely the fort constructed by Jacob Dobkins and the opposite males. That doesn’t appear fairly proper.

A Backwoods Military on the Transfer

Jacob Dobkins clearly knew George Rodgers Clark, born in 1752, referenced as Basic Clark, whose headquarters have been on the Falls of the Ohio, now Louisville, KY. Jacob and Clark have been about the identical age, 27 or 28 years of age. Laborious to consider George Rodgers Clark was already a normal.

What I wouldn’t give to be a fly on the wall of that stockade as the 2 males talked.

George Rodgers Clark depicted right here someday earlier than his stroke in 1809 and demise in 1818.

Someday within the month of July within the yr 1780 we have been then ordered by Basic Clark to march up the river with a view to kill provisions for the military.

 Jacob, together with different males have been searching to feed the troopers.

In response to Clark’s orders, a military started congregating on the mouth of the Licking River with July 31 because the date by which all the firms have been to be mustered. Clark had dictated an enormous mobilization of Kentucky militia. The Licking River’s mouth is throughout the River from Cincinnati.

We accordingly marched up the river to the mouth of the Kentucky River the place we tried to cross the river to hitch the primary military who have been camped on the opposite facet of the river.

The Kentucky River’s mouth is at Carrollton, half-way between Louisville and Cincinnati.

After all, by this time the Revolutionary Conflict was effectively underway, and the Native People had sided with the British, hoping to drive the frontiersmen out of their lands.

In 1778 and into 1779, Clark led his males on a winter march to Vincennes in what would grow to be Indiana. Whereas Jacob was not current for this march, the depiction of the mountain males of their brown garb and muskets was most likely related.

In June of 1780, the Shawnee, Delaware (Lenape) and Wyandot Indians invaded Kentucky, capturing each Ruddle’s and Martin’s Forts, together with a whole lot of prisoners.

The good panic occasioned all through Kentucky by the taking of Ruddle’s and Martin’s Stations induced the folks to look as much as Basic Clark as their solely hope. His counsel and recommendation was acquired as coming from an oracle. He suggested {that a} levy of four-fifths needs to be fabricated from all the lads within the nation able to bearing arms, whether or not inhabitants or strangers, and to satisfy on the mouth of Licking on the twentieth July. These from Lincoln and Fayette, underneath the command of Colonel Logan, have been to march down Licking. These from Jefferson underneath Basic Clark have been to march up the Ohio.

In August, Basic Clark determined to steer a retaliatory power that might result in the Battle of Piqua close to Springfield, Ohio.

As quickly because it was determined that an expedition needs to be carried on in opposition to the Indians. Basic Clark gave orders to have a variety of small skiffs constructed at Louisville able to taking fifteen or twenty males, which along with batteaux, the provisions and army shops, have been taken by water from Louisville to the mouth of the Licking. The vessels have been underneath the route of Colonel George Slaughter, who commanded about 150 troops raised by him in Virginia for Western Service.

Have been these boats concerned with Jacob’s unit? Was Jacob on these boats? He was clearly there.

The Indians made an assault upon us and within the engagement we misplaced ten of our males. We then marched up the river to Cincinnati the place we joined the troops commanded by Colonel Logan. We then constructed a block home and stationed a guard…

If Jacob Dobkins was on the mouth of the Kentucky River, these boats would have handed by on their strategy to the mouth of Licking River, at Cincinnati – or picked the lads up alongside the way in which. However Jacob says they marched.

In ascending the river, it was essential to hold the vessels near the shore, a few of which have been on one facet and a few on the opposite; it occurred while certainly one of these skiffs was close to the north facet of the river a celebration of Indians ran right down to the water’s edge and fired into it and killed and wounded a number of earlier than help could possibly be obtained from the opposite boats.

The truth that the boat was attacked, and Jacob additionally mentions dropping males makes me surprise if this is similar occasion, advised from two totally different views. Jacob says they marched to the Kentucky River, then on to Licking River, and have been making an attempt to cross the river once they have been hooked up. The boat doesn’t say something about marching males, so perhaps this was two separate occasions.

That social gathering of the military commanded by Colonel Logan assembled at Bryan’s Spring, about eight miles from Lexington, and on the next night time a person by the title of Clarke stole a beneficial horse and went off. It was usually believed that he supposed to go to North Carolina. When the military arrived on the mouth of Licking, the horse was discovered there, when the conjecture was that he had been taken prisoner by the Indians; however it was afterwards found that he had gone to the Indians voluntarily with a purpose to give them discover of the method of a military from Kentucky.

The military rendezvoused and encamped on the bottom the place Cincinnati now stands, and the following day constructed two blockhouses, wherein was deposited a amount of corn, and the place a number of males who have been sick left with a small guard, till the return of the military.

The division of the military commanded by Colonel Logan took with them usually provisions, solely ample to final them to the mouth of Licking, because it was understood a ample amount for the marketing campaign could be introduced up from Louisville to that place; however when the military was about to march, the provisions have been distributed among the many males, and was solely six quarts of Indian corn, measured in a quart pot for every man, most of whom have been obliged to hold it on their backs, not having a sufficiency of pack horses to convey the entire, along with the army shops and the luggage of the military.

Jacob acquired few provisions earlier than they have been marching as soon as once more.

The Battle of Pickaway

and the entire of the steadiness of the military marched to the Chilicothe cities and the Indians evacuated the cities and wouldn’t give us battle. We then pursued them to the Pickaway cities the place we arrived within the month of August in mentioned yr.

We then discovered the Indians collected collectively and we had a really extreme battle which lasted about three hours and a half. We killed a substantial variety of them, and I feel our loss was about 28 males.

Battle of Pique map, courtesy of the Nationwide Park Service.

Jacob describes this as a really extreme battle. The Native warriors have been outnumbered, two to 1, however they fought valiantly.

Clark, in the Shawnee Expedition of 1780, led a complete of about 970 males who had crossed the Ohio River after which marched up the Little Miami and Mad Rivers. They arrived on the village of Piqua (not the present day metropolis in Ohio), the pinnacle village of the Shawnee with roughly 3000 inhabitants on August 8th. The village surrounded a small stockade.

The Shawnee have been pushed off when Basic Clark used artillery to bombard the stockade from river cliffs above the village. Clark’s males then spent two days burning as a lot as 500 acres of corn surrounding the village.

Clark reported 27 casualties (14 killed and 13 wounded) which appeared like a victory, however historians have corrected that quantity to nearly 3 times that primarily based on eyewitness accounts of survivors. Nevertheless, Jacob additionally stories the identical quantity as Clark. Maybe that’s what he was advised, though an eye-witness report would appear to be fairly credible.

After all, that variety of lifeless doesn’t embrace the Shawnee casualties.

The battlefield location at this time is greater than 200 miles north of Fort Harrod, a really lengthy and treacherous march on foot via unknown and harmful terrain, about 7 miles west of Springfield, Ohio on the Mad River, generally known as the George Rodger’s Clark Park.

It’s right here that Jacob spent these three and a half hellacious hours.

It’s right here, alongside the Mad River that the devastating conflict of cultures occurred – and it’s right here that Jacob got here near dropping his life.

The Shawnee by no means rebuilt their capitol village that housed greater than 3000 folks and as an alternative moved to the Nice Miami River the place they settled simply north of what’s at this time the trendy city of Piqua, Ohio, naming their village Peckuwe (later anglicized to “Piqua”).

You’ll be able to learn extra within the George Rodgers Clark Papers, here and see the Peckuwe battlefield site, here and reenactors, here.

A number of Bullet Holes

This applicant states that he didn’t obtain any wounds within the battle however that there was a number of bullet holes via his garments…

I simply needed to cease and let that sink in. Jacob Dobkins got here that shut. Inches or nearer.

“A number of bullet holes via his garments.”

Not one.

Not two.

A number of.

Plural.

Jacob’s daughter, my ancestor Jenny was most likely born someday between 1778 and 1780. Primarily based on this, I’m presuming 1778 earlier than he left, or maybe as he was within the thick of the preventing and even after his return. Regardless, had these bullets been only a hair nearer, or he had been unfortunate that day, she would both by no means have been born, or by no means have recognized her father.

I’m certain the lads acted courageous, however Jacob will need to have been terrified dealing with greater than 450 braves on their very own territory. Three and a half hours of intense battle. I’d wager that he by no means observed these bullet holes till after all the pieces was over and he had an opportunity to get better a bit.

He needed to have recognized how shut he got here because the troopers took inventory of what had occurred and buried their lifeless.

After all, the troopers would have been surveying the fast injury when the preventing ended. Who was injured and wanted consideration? Who hadn’t been so fortunate to solely have bullet holes of their garments? Who was lifeless? What did they do with injured troopers and Shawnee? What did they do with the lifeless in mid August? Did they bury the lifeless Shawnee too? How would they safe themselves earlier than dusk to stop an assault?

Again to Shawnee Springs

…and applicant states the entire of the military then marched again to Cincinnati and the corporate to which I belonged marched again to the Shawnee Springs the place this applicant was stationed till the month of August 1781 and through which period we had no normal engagements, that a terrific portion of our time was spent in skirmishing events via the nation.

Armies march about 15 miles a day, resting each fifth day to get better a bit, and it was roughly 200 miles, perhaps barely much less to Shawnee Springs. That march would most likely have been considerably greater than 2 weeks, so they might have arrived in September someday.

Shawnee Springs is assuredly the land claimed by Hugh M’Gary in October 1779 about six miles from Harrodsburg on Shawnee Run. This land was contested, which suggests the M’Gary title was scattered all through the data. In a single swimsuit, his property was talked about as being a typical stopping place between the fort and Harrodsburg.

Primarily based on his feedback about skirmishing events, Jacob clearly was not all the time at both fort, the one at Shawnee Springs or Fort Harrod. We’ve no details about the fort Jacob constructed at Shawnee Springs, however I think it could have been little greater than a block home. It definitely was not as massive as Fort Harrod.

Mentioned applicant states that he truly did serve within the military of america placing the entire collectively greater than two years. Applicant states that he doesn’t do not forget that he ever did obtain a discharge and if he did he has misplaced or mislaid it in order that he can not produce it. He states that he has no documentary proof of his providers nor does he know of any dwelling testimony by whom he can show his service. He duly relinquishes each declare to a pension or an annuity besides the current and declares that his title shouldn’t be on the pension roll of any company of any state in anyway.

Jacob Dobkins outlived many if not most or perhaps even all the males at Fort Harrod. George Rogers Clark died in 1818. It might have been very tough to keep up a correspondence with folks at the moment except you have been associated or lived shut.

What About King’s Mountain?

Jacob Dobkins is listed on the muster rolls of the lads who participated within the Battle of King’s Mountain in Pat Alderson’s ebook, The Overmountain Males. I wrote about King’s Mountain, here. The Battle of King’s Mountain occurred on October 7, 1780. Primarily based on Jacob’s personal testimony, he marched from Ohio in August of 1780 to Shawnee Springs close to Harrodsburg the place he remained till Could of 1781, “throughout which period we had no normal engagements.”

Jacob Dobkins would certainly have listed his service at King’s Mountain if he or his unit had participated. Moreover, he would NOT have mentioned that they had “no normal engagements.” King’s Mountain was unquestionably a serious battle and a turning level within the warfare.

I feel we will take this as proof that Jacob Dobkins was NOT at King’s Mountain.

Participation at King’s Mountain is tough to doc as a result of there are not any muster rolls, so it’s typically assumed that any man serving right now, particularly from Virginia, would have assuredly been concerned in that battle. Typically, I’d agree, however on this case, I feel we will depend on Jacob’s personal voice in his pension utility.

Jacob’s Path

Throughout 1779 via the spring of 1781, Jacob traveled not less than 450 miles – and that’s not counting his journey from and again to Shenandoah County, following the trail alongside the valleys alongside the mountains, sheltering as he may within the forts generally known as stations alongside the way in which. The Wilderness Road.

Jacob would have stopped at Martin’s Station, marked with the crimson star under, earlier than it was destroyed by the Shawnee.

Martin’s Station wasn’t removed from the place he would finally settle south of Cumberland Hole on the Powell River, some 20 years later, marked with the crimson pin on Campbell Lane.

By Cmadler – Personal work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10842234

Maybe when Jacob sheltered at Martin’s Station, he made a foray over the mountain, crossing via the hole, hiked alongside the creeks, noticed the lands alongside the winding Powell River and decided that someday, he needed to stay there.

Or, did Jacob stand on the pinnacle of the Cumberland Hole and survey his environment, mesmerized by the gorgeous majesty, and vow to return someday?

Jacob was a part of the start trickle of pioneers, largely males, down a harmful path. That trickle would flip right into a stream after which a flood of pioneers by 1810 when greater than 300,000 folks had handed via Cumberland Hole on that Wilderness Road on their strategy to the brand new frontier and what they hoped could be a greater life and extra alternative – particularly, land.

After the Conflict

I’m wondering how lengthy it had been since Jacob had seen his spouse. Did he have a brand new child that was by then a toddler? He enlisted in Could of 1779 and wasn’t discharged till August of 1781. Some males went dwelling and planted crops, however it’s an extremely lengthy, and harmful path from Fort Harrod to Shenandoah County. To not point out, we already know that Jacob was at Ford Harrod when he enlisted.

I certain want we knew extra of the circumstances surrounding Jacob’s enlistment and the way the warfare modified him. Did his spouse know him when he returned? Had it been greater than two full years? Did she even know if he was nonetheless alive?

Cousin Carol reveals a daughter, Dorcas Dobkins, born Could 29, 1780 in Shenandoah Co., VA. married Sept. 16, 1796 to Malachi Murphy. She died Dec. 11, 1858. Carol believes that Dorcas is the daughter of Jacob Dobkins and Dorcas Johnson. Her first title would definitely counsel that’s a chance.

Not that I’m relying on my fingers, but when she was born in Could of 1780, that might be greater than a yr after Jacob had left for Fort Harrod. After all, delivery years have been flawed again then, to not point out folks typically incorrectly said their very own ages. I’ve seen data of males being AWOL lengthy sufficient to go dwelling and plant crops too, however that’s an awfully lengthy distance.

In 1783, Jacob’s son Reuben was born in Shenandoah County, Virginia and ultimately married Mary whose surname is unknown.

In 1783 Jacob seems within the Shenandoah County, Virginia census as head-of-household. His father, John, and brother, Reuben, are additionally listed within the space.

Jacob’s daughter, Margaret, was most likely born in Tennessee in 1785 for the reason that household is now not listed on tax lists in Virginia. Margaret ultimately married Elijah Jones and lived in shut proximity to Jacob in Claiborne County.

Jacob already had that itch and the household didn’t stay lengthy in Shenandoah County. With the top of the warfare and land opening, the exodus had already begun and Jacob, then about 40 years previous packed his household right into a wagon and joined the stream of frontier households on the Great Wagon Road heading south and west, typically collectively.

In 1785 there was a court docket doc from the state of North Carolina requesting Jacob Dobkins of Shenandoah County, Virginia for a deposition in lawsuit of J. Sevier and A. Fowl McCain. Had Jacob gone again to Shenandoah County once more? Possibly to pack his household for the journey?

Jacob and Darcus’s daughter Margaret was reportedly born in 1785 in what would grow to be Claiborne County, however primarily based on these data, I don’t suppose that’s appropriate. Claiborne had not but been shaped and no settlers have been but dwelling there. They have been most likely dwelling within the japanese portion of what would someday grow to be Tennessee.

The State of Franklin

The japanese portion of what would grow to be Tennessee was each Virginia and North Carolina at varied cut-off dates, together with the proposed (unrecognized) State of Franklin that existed solely from 1784-1788. Jonesboro was initially the capital of the State of Franklin, then Greeneville starting in 1785.

By Brian Stansberry – Personal work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4160937

For perspective, right here’s a reproduction of the capitol constructing in Greeneville primarily based on the size given in historic data.

Nothing was elegant. Every little thing was merely purposeful on the frontier.

Sadly, only a few data exist from this timeframe, and none from the defacto “State of Franklin” itself.

So far as the remainder of the colonies have been involved, “Franklin” was only a rogue a part of far western North Carolina. The Franklinites thought of themselves very in another way and ran the State of Franklin in conflicting parallel with North Carolina. Each entities thought that they had sovereignty over these lands and residents.

By Iamvered – I, Iamvered, drew this map myself., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3868073

Two factions battled throughout the State of Franklin: the Tiptonites who have been loyal to the state of North Carolina, and the Franklinites, led by Tennessee’s future governor, John Sevier, who desired a wholly separate state.

Washington, Greene, Sullivan and Hawkins County comprised the “Previous State Social gathering” who supported staying with North Carolina. The Franklinites didn’t.

By 1786, the residents of Franklin have been negotiating with the state of North Carolina for readmission. Franklin was a mess, affected by each inside and exterior battle. Along with the political battles, the residents have been in battle with a treaty with the Cherokee that escalated into battle in 1788.

The ebook, The Lost State of Franklin offers particulars and a glance into this fascinating time and place.

The residents have been drained and pissed off. They needed to personal land and have the protections of a “regular” authorities of their time.

Two elections in 1786 and 1787 have been disputed. In an try to resolve the battle, the ballot lists have been despatched to the North Carolina normal meeting, which is the one motive now we have that record at this time.

Jacob Dobkins was listed among the many voters in August 1786 on the courthouse in Jonesboro for Washington County, North Carolina (now Tennessee) as was his brother, Reuben.

In 1787, solely Reuben is discovered on the Washington County, NC ballot record.

Jacob’s son, Solomon Dobkins was born in Tennessee in 1787 per the 1850 census. P. G. Fulkerson, early Claiborne County historian, says the household was in what would grow to be Claiborne County by 1792. I don’t that is correct provided that Grainger wasn’t shaped till 1796. We’ve a listing of Grainger County “Insolvents Living Within the Indian Boundary for the Year 1797,” households illegally dwelling on the Indian lands, which might have been Claiborne at the moment, and Jacob isn’t included on that record.

We all know that Jacob and his brothers have been dwelling in Washington County, in what would grow to be Tennessee in 1787 and 1788. Primarily based on the North Carolina court docket data, we additionally know that Jacob was someway concerned within the political intrigue.

The Sevier household was entrance and middle within the State of Franklin, heading up one of many rival sides of the political disputes – the Franklinites.

Washington County, Tennessee Court docket of Pleas and Quarter Classes

Web page 252 – Friday the 6th (suppose that is Could 1785) – ordered the justices of Shenandoah Co. Virginia to take the depositions of Jacob Dobkins, Sylvia Foella and different witnesses within the swimsuit between Valentine Sevier Sr. and Andrew Fowl.

Valentine Sevier and Andrew Fowl had been neighbors in Augusta County, serving in the identical militia unit earlier than transferring to the frontier. In 1753, Sevier had offered Fowl land within the portion now Rockingham County.

Web page 294 – Nov. 5, 1787 – Will of Rudolph Cresslias – executor Elizabeth and John Cathart Cresslias – William Noodling Sr., John Dobbins and Abraham Riffe appraisers.

345 – Jacob Dobkins of John Wier for 100 acres dated February 21, 1788, by Abraham Riffe

358 – Evan Dobkins finds a stray horse on November 13, 1788

Reuben Dobkins (spelled Dobbins) takes half in Martin’s marketing campaign of 1788 in opposition to the Cherokee close to present-day Chattanooga, Tennessee, also referred to as Dragging Canoe’s War. Martin, the previous Indian Agent, commanded the lads from Sullivan County, though there’s no means of figuring out whether or not Reuben served straight underneath Martin. We do know that the lads, when lastly paid in 1790, had been from Washington, Sullivan, Inexperienced and Hawkins, however some lived in different close by counties.

The lower than simple Treaty of Sycamore Shoals with the Cherokee was on the coronary heart of the battle on this area, and when mixed with native emotional politics, the scenario boiled over.

The place’s Jacob?

On November 24, 1789, Jacob’s title appeared on the south of the French Broad Petition to the North Carolina Legislature.

The land South of the French Broad River now falls into Jefferson and Sevier Counties. Again then, it was Washington District.

I transcribed the document in its entirety, here. You’ll be able to hear the desperation and frustration, even from 232 years distance.

Different transcribers of the doc present this data:

This set of paperwork contains the names of many males who lived in Japanese Tennessee in 1789, names that may not be present in another data. These males have been dwelling on Indian territory that had not been bought by america. They have been thought of trespassers. Most of them had lived underneath the State of Franklin, however as soon as that was disbanded, they belonged to no state, no nation. These petitions have been written to the North Carolina Meeting, asking for assist. Many of those folks stayed round and ultimately gained authorized possession of their land nearly 20 years later, however others gave up and left the realm, not leaving any proof behind in county and state data moreover their names on these petitions.

Apparently, Jacob is a kind of who gave up and moved again to Virginia, however not for lengthy.

Jacob seems on the 1790 census for Shenandoah Co., Va. Nevertheless, he was in newly shaped Jefferson Co., Tennessee in 1792 when he sued Benjamin Wallace and John Sevier. Sure, the well-known John Sevier, the person whose case he had been summoned to supply a deposition for in 1785. The households had lived as neighbors in Virginia.

1792 – Historian, Colonel P.G. Fulkerson states “Jacob Dobkins was dwelling within the Claiborne County space in 1792”. In 1792 all however the northeast tip of present-day Claiborne County was designated as Indian Land and remained so till 1796. In Fulkerson’s protection, he was reporting occasions as that they had been advised to him from a century earlier, and we’re very lucky that he dedicated that data to paper.

When Jacob did transfer to Claiborne County, he bought the land north of Wallen’s Ridge above Cedar Fork, however first, Jacob, then in his 40s, settled in Jefferson County.

Jefferson County, Tennessee

Jacob absolutely supposed to calm down and farm. He purchased land on the White Horn department of Bent Creek, close to Bull’s Hole in current day southern Hawkins or Hamblen County.

Round 1795 two of Jacob’s daughters married Campbell males, believed to be brothers, most likely the sons of Charles Campbell of Hawkins County who lived 8 miles straight down the highway close to the Holston River. It could possibly be that earlier than Jacob bought land, he was dwelling nearer to the Holston and Charles Campbell.

In 1795 and 1796 we discover Jacob Dobkins shopping for two tracts of land in Jefferson Co., Tn.  Deed ebook B-210 offers us with the situation of Jacob’s land.

Cousin Carol despatched images of this space years in the past.

I visited years later, discovered the situation, and took images after driving from the Campbell land close to Dodson Creek in Hawkins County, the place it intersects with the Holston River. Raleigh Dodson was the ferryman the place the unique ford was. The Dobkins, Dodson and Campbell households have been intertwined.

The Campbell land close to Dodson ford to White Horn.

Jacob Dobkins to Henry Cross of Greene Co., June 14, 1796, recorded October 13, 1796, 163 acres, 100 kilos, on the White Oak Fork of Bent Creek adj Col ? Roddy, Abraham Howard, Jacob Dobkins, wit John Goare, John Reed, signed

When I discovered Charles Campbell’s land, I needed to discover Jacob Dobkins land too. In any case, their kids are my ancestors. White Horn from the facet highway, above, and the primary highway, under.

Be aware this entry as effectively from 1810 – Henry Cross of Greene Co to Jacob Kirkpatrick March 15, 1810, 163 acres on White Horn fork of Bent Creek adj ? Roddy, Graham Howard, Jacob Dobbins, witnessed by Levi Day, Wilkins Kirkpatrick, William Howard confirmed on the March session 1810.

Lazarus Dodson who had lived by the Campbell household purchased land in 1797 on White Horn too. His son by the identical title would marry the daughter of John Campbell and Jane Dobkins a couple of years later in any case of those households moved to Claiborne County.

Jefferson County, Tennessee, Court docket Notes 1792-1798

Web page 11 – Jacob Dobkins vs Benjamin ? Wallace and John Sevier. Plaintiff prays for enchantment to Superior court docket of the district of Washington County.

I certain would like to know what this was about. I’m wondering if this additional affirms that Jacob was supportive of this a part of Tennessee remaining a part of North Carolina and never turning into the State of Franklin? Have been onerous emotions left from earlier days between the lads?

69 – Deed from Jacob Dobkins to Henry Cross

Barnett Campbell was born to Jacob’s daughter, Elizabeth and George Campbell in 1797, based on the 1850 census.

We don’t know a lot about Jacob Dobkins’ non secular leanings, however most individuals in that point and place attended church. If he was Scots-Irish, then he was most likely Presbyterian, however most households attended the church of alternative.

The Reverend Tidence Lane based Bent Creek Church, supposedly preaching underneath the previous tree within the Bent Creek Cemetery.

That is most likely the place Jacob attended church, underneath this tree.

Tidence Land moved as much as Claiborne County too. Possibly all of them talked about that underneath the tree as effectively.

Claiborne County

Grainger County was born in April of 1796 and Claiborne in October of 1801.

Jacob Dobkins didn’t keep in Jefferson very lengthy as we discover him within the newly shaped county of Claiborne County in 1801 the place he spent the remainder of his life. Jacob was about 50 years previous when he made this ultimate transfer. Possibly he was getting bored with the exhausting work of felling timber and homesteading.

Claiborne County lies within the northern portion of East Tennessee and borders each the States of Kentucky and Virginia. The well-known Cumberland Hole is located close to the center of its northern line. The principal waterway within the county is the Powell River, with the Clinch River forming its southern boundary. The land has quite a lot of hills, mountains and valleys. For essentially the most half, the soil within the valleys was good, though the hillsides have been rocky. In lots of locations, the mountains have been unpassable. Jacob and his household, together with different settlers, needed to cope with Indian troubles and a number of other forts have been constructed. The pioneers suffered a lot from savage depredations and battle, particularly within the early days, appeared everpresent.

The act to erect a brand new county from parts of Hawkins and Grainger was handed October 29, 1801. It was title Claiborne in honor of William Charles Cole Claiborne, one of many first judges of the superior court docket, and the primary consultant in Congress from Tennessee.

In 1801 Jacob Dobkins was appointed as a member of the Grand Jury for the First Court docket of Claiborne County, Tennessee after it was shaped from Grainger, so he was already dwelling right here right now.

The court docket of pleas and quarter classes was organized on the home of John Owens December 7, 1801.

The subsequent time period of the court docket was held on the home of John Hunt, who lived on the positioning of Tazewell. The grand jury empaneled included Jacob Dobkins.

The third time period of the court docket was held on the home of Elisha Walling, and it was not till 1804 {that a} small body courthouse was erected. It stood close to the positioning of the current courthouse. In 1804, the jail was constructed and stays at this time.

On the March court docket session in 1802, Jacob Dobkins “proved” a deed for 300 acres in court docket that was conveyed from Alexander Outlaw to John Campbell who was married to Jacob’s daughter, Jenny.

On June 07, 1802, Jacob bought 4 hundred acres from Elisha Wallen, the well-known longhunter, on the north facet of Wallens Ridge. Jacob owned the land north of Wallens Ridge close to Cedar Fork – Deed E book “A” June 07, 1802.

On the September Session of the Claiborne Court docket of 1803, Jacob Dobkins and his neighbor, Abel Lanham reported to the court docket as members of the “Jury on the highway from Powels Mountain to Cumberland Hole”.

Jacob was additionally ordered to serve on the December time period as a juror.

In 1803 and 1805, Jacob bought extra land.

About 1808, Jacob’s son Solomon married Elizabeth, surname unknown.

Sadly, in 1809, Jacob Dobkins bought 4 enslaved folks. This damage my coronary heart, though it wasn’t unusual.

“I Jesse Cheek hath bargained and offered unto Jacob Dobkins 4 negroes names Aneker or Anekey, Mitilty, Jiary, Amelyer for the consideration of $130 in hand paid.”  March 29 1809 Jesse indicators, registered July 30, 1809.  John Campbell and Solomon Dobkins are witnesses.

Jacob’s son and son-in-law have been witnesses.

Jacob buys and sells land in 1812, 1813, 1814, 1819 and 1821.

In 1812, Jacob was serving as a juror once more, together with John Campbell and George Campbell, his sons-in-law, and laying out roads.

1814 introduced warfare once more to the Dobkins household. Jacob’s son, Solomon Dobkins served as a Captain within the Conflict of 1812, additionally recognized on the Creek Conflict. Solomon served for 3 months from January 17 to Could 9, 1814 within the 2nd Regiment of East Tennessee militia underneath Colonel Bunch.

Andrew Jackson’s official report of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (27 March 1814) mentions that:

“Just a few firms” of Colonel Bunch have been a part of the correct line of the American forces at this engagement. Greater than seemingly, a few of these firms included Captains Francis Berry, Nicholas Gibbs (who was killed on the battle), Jones Griffin, and John McNair. As well as, muster rolls present some casualties from this battle within the firms led by Captains Moses Davis, Joseph Duncan, and John Houk. Different males from this regiment remained at Fort Williams previous to Horseshoe Bend to protect the put up — provision returns point out that there have been 283 males from Bunch’s regiment on the fort on the time of the battle.

This regiment was in Basic George Doherty’s Brigade and lots of the males stayed after the enlistment expiration of Could 1814 to protect the posts at Fort Strother and Fort Williams till June/July. The road of march went via Camp Ross (close to present-day Chattanooga), Fort Armstrong, and Fort Jackson.

Jacob will need to have been drastically relieved when Solomon returned dwelling and walked as much as his home, most likely hungry, bedraggled and exahusted. Different males from Claiborne County weren’t as lucky. Jacob was most likely making an attempt NOT to consider these bullet holes that ripped via his personal garments on the Battle of Piqua.

In 1814 Jacob offered seventy acres to his son-in-law, George Campbell and 300 and twenty acres to son-in-law, Elijah Jones.

1817 – The accident that broke Jacob’s collarbone and shoulder occurred.

March 17, 1819 – Jacob Dobkins to John Whitacre, $400, 20 acres on the waters of Powels River starting on the ridge close to the pinnacle of a big spring recognized by the title of Hunt’s spring operating west crossing a small department and some steps above the pinnacle of the mentioned spring…crossing the department under the mill…Jacob indicators, Solomon Dobkins and George Campbell witness. February session 1820 Solomon and George swear to the conveyance and show the deed.

Does this inform us that Jacob Dobkins owned a mill? A small tract of 20 acres could be a respectable-sized mill tract. Jacob could have given up on his shoulder therapeutic by this level, and determined it was time to promote.

In 1823, Jacob’s son, Reuben died and his widow, Polly, served as his administrator. It will need to have been extremely tough for Jacob to lose an grownup youngster.

The 1830 federal census in Claiborne County lists Jacob and Dorcas dwelling subsequent to their youngest son, Solomon. They’re additionally dwelling 3 doorways from Abel Lanham who witnessed Jacob’s Revolutionary Conflict pension utility, and 5 doorways from his son-in-law George Campbell. Jacob owned 4 slaves, 2 males ages 10-23, one feminine 10-23 and one feminine slave youngster underneath age 10.

In 1832 Jacob utilized for and acquired a pension for his Revolutionary Conflict service. His good friend and neighbor, Abel Lanham, advisable him.

In 1833, Jacob, dwelling beside his son Solomon is once more proven on the Claiborne County tax record.

Jacob’s pension packet reveals that his advantages stopped on March 4, 1833, which was his presumed date of demise. However there’s extra.

The subsequent court docket session in Claiborne County occurred on March 18, 1833 the place we discover an entry referring to a Jacob Dobkins, Jr. If Jacob Sr. was nonetheless dwelling, then there could be no want to deal with Jr. as such.

Ordered by the court docket that Jacob Dobkins Jr. be appointed overseer of the highway from ? Henderson’s store to the previous Hawkins line in room and stead of William Laughan and have the identical arms.

We discover Jacob Jr. talked about once more in December of 1833 and March 1834.

One other file reveals Jacob’s demise in late 1835.

On this pension fee file, Jacob is proven as paid via 1835. He wouldn’t have been being paid if he have been deceased.

And on this subsequent one as effectively, so maybe he didn’t die till within the fourth quarter of 1835. These data are usually not constant, however they’re shut.

Nevertheless, based on a deed index, in 1835, actual property transactions have been going down between people designated as Jacob’s heirs in deed ebook L, web page 177. Nevertheless, deed ebook L is lacking, and based on FamilySearch, quantity M resumes in 1836. After all☹

In March of 1838, Jacob Dobkins within the court docket data is now not referenced as Jr. suggesting that Jacob Sr. is gone, as is confirmed by the above data. Nevertheless, the Claiborne County court docket notes mirror nothing about an property or his demise.

And not using a court docket entry date or these deeds, it’s secure to say that Jacob died someday between March 1833 and the top of 1835.

Primarily based on when Jacob Jr. is now not known as Jr., in March 1834, and the ultimate fee vouchers, I might say that Jacob Dobkins died within the fourth quarter of 1835.

By 1850, two of Jacob’s slaves had been freed, one registered within the court docket data in 1850, apparently after submitting swimsuit.

October 5, 1850 – “I Solomon Dobkins do that day free my negrow boy Jefferson and doe comply with gave to mentioned boy Jefferson an excellent hors and saddle and bridal on theas situations that the mentioned Jefferson doath dismiss his swimsuit in chancery at Tazewell for his freedom and relinquish all declare on me for my laber sens my oald grasp Jacob Dobkins deceist, giveon underneath our arms and seals this the 5 day of October 1850”.  Solomon indicators and Jefferson (+) Dobkins, wit Jacob Dobkins, Nathaniel Brooks and John C. Dodson filed Dec 3 1850, personally appeared earlier than me Thomas Johnson Solomon Dobkins and Jefferson Dobkins with whom I’m personally acquainted and who acknowledged the execution of the above deed for the aim therein contained upon the seventh of October 1850.

I’m wondering if Jefferson continued to make use of the surname Dobkins. I didn’t discover him within the 1860 census.

Jacob’s Path

Jacob’s path AFTER the Revolutionary Conflict – from Shenandoah County, to Jonesville, again to Shenandoah, then on to Bull’s Hole and at last, to Claiborne County was not a brief journey. These years have been crammed with battle, most likely way more battle than we will even start to think about.

Jacob was most likely extraordinarily grateful to really buy land, farm and keep in a single place. From 1801 when he purchased land and settled in Claiborne County on the Powell River, till his demise within the 1830s, Jacob by no means moved once more.

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