Edith Lore Blossoms: Floods, Typhoid, The “Magnificence Bunch,” a Scholarship…Plus a Plot Twist

The newspapers of the early 1900s typically reported on the social lives of their native residents. Thank goodness, for researchers right now, that they did.

There’s a lot to glean about these relations – generally by what IS stated, and generally by what isn’t. I’ve discovered a lot about my grandmother, Edith Lore, and her mother and father, Nora Kirsch and Curtis Benjamin Lore, a self-made man and jack-of-all-trades.

An excellent deal has been revealed in these previous black and white pages. I wrote about sudden discoveries in Outside the Pale: The Lore Family’s “Remarkable” Life Revealed Through the Newspaper and Curt Lore “Shoots Wells” With Nitroglycerine and Dynamite.

We left the Lore household in 1906, when their eldest daughter, Edith Lore, was graduating from highschool and turned 18. 1906 was a yr of polar opposites with a couple of curve-balls thrown in. Let’s be a part of the household and see what was occurring.

Unidentified Connection

The social scene in Rushville was generally reported as distant as Indianapolis, Indiana, about 40 miles distant because the practice runs.

  • April 1, 1906 (Indianapolis, Indiana newspaper) – Miss Bertha Helm entertained numerous buddies Saturday night in honor of Mrs. J. F. Wymond of Peoria, Illinois who’s the visitor of Mrs. C. B. Lore.

After all, I’ve to marvel who Mrs. J. F. Wymond was, and the way she is related to Nora. Randall J. Wymond, it seems, was the vice-president of the Peoria Cooperage Firm and his enterprise tackle was Aurora, Indiana, the place Nora was born. He married Mabel Criswell in 1884. Nora’s sister, Carrie, married Joseph Smithfield Wymond, the brother of Randall. Maybe the society column acquired the initials fallacious or one other one in all Nora’s buddies married a Wymond.

Typically these articles increase extra questions than they reply and I run down each conceivable rabbit gap.


Edith Lore, oldest little one of Curt Lore and Nora Kirsch graduated from highschool within the spring of 1906.The Indianapolis paper tells us that Gladstone Barrett is class President, Anna Meges Vice-president and Mertha Monjar Secretary-Treasurer. The category colours are royal purple and gold. A number of weeks later, the Indianapolis paper carried this text in regards to the graduation.

For many younger women of that point, commencement can be the tip of the road for training, however, surprisingly, not for Edith.

A number of days later, Edith was already employed.

  • Could 31, 1906 – J. B. Workman, the tax ferret, not too long ago employed by the town of Rushville, has a pressure of younger women at work within the Recorder’s workplace on the courtroom home, copying mortgage data. Those that are at work are. <names omitted>, Edith Lore.

As a genealogist, I may go to Rushville and if the previous mortgage guide nonetheless exists, at the very least a few of these data recopied into that guide, I’m guessing, can be in my grandmother’s handwriting.

However Edith, born 100 years too early, had bigger ambitions.


The native newspaper carried a captivating article:

  • June 15, 1906

Edith, my grandmother, received a 6-month scholarship to Enterprise Faculty in Indianapolis.



I by no means heard A PEEP about this!

For any feminine to aspire to attend school in 1906 was wonderful in and of itself – not to mention with a scholarship.

Did she attend? I might presume that she did. I actually hope so.

I can’t think about Edith losing this chance, particularly not after particularly in search of the scholarship.

The Central Enterprise Faculty

The Central Business College turned the Indiana Enterprise Faculty within the Forties, situated at 802 North Meridian. Established in 1902, it was represented as, “A contemporary business-training group. This lovely school dwelling, situated within the coronary heart of cultural downtown Indianapolis – with its spacious commodious school rooms, its quite a few and handy transportation services and its varied different lodging presents a sexy enchantment to younger people who find themselves bold to organize for enterprise careers.”

Amazingly, this constructing, now residences, nonetheless stands. It’s actually not the leaning both – Google maps.

After I noticed the massive constructing at proper, above, down the road on Google Maps, I assumed it seemed acquainted. Certain sufficient, it’s the library, and I’ve been there. After all, I had completely NO concept that my grandmother went to school only a block away, and possibly lived in that constructing or close by whereas she was attending.

The Enterprise Faculty is the constructing within the decrease left nook that resembles a church.

If partitions may solely speak.

Edith, who would flip 18 in August, was apparently used to touring by herself by practice – however residing in an enormous metropolis is one thing else completely.

The query stays – did Edith really attend the Enterprise Faculty in Indianapolis?

We all know due to what we discover out later that there was a backstory occurring at dwelling.

If Edith attended, starting instantly in mid-June, then she would have been completed mid/late December, maybe simply in time for the vacations.

If she did attend, she will need to have returned dwelling along with her eyes open and filled with energetic dialogue about Indianapolis, the massive metropolis.

Residing away, alone, adjustments you and opens your eyes to potentialities you’ll by no means see in any other case.

There may be sufficient time for Edith to attend school in Indy, however barely.


  • January 4, 1907 – Miss Edith Lore has returned from a go to with kin at Aurora. Her mom will return later.
  • January 5, 1907 – Greensburg Evaluation: Mrs. C. B. Lore and daughter of Rushville after a go to right here, the company of Miss Stella Sensible, have returned dwelling.
  • January 9, 1907 – Curt Lore who has been employed with the Indianapolis, Columbus and Southern Interurban line at Scottsburg has returned to this metropolis.

Apparently Curt discovered a job after his earlier challenges and sickness. These phrases “has been” are troubling. Is that this a pleasant manner of claiming he misplaced that new job? What’s going on? That is very uncommon for Curt.


  • January 22, 1907 – Curt Lore is kind of in poor health at his dwelling on west Second avenue, being threatened with typhoid fever.

Curt will need to have turn into sick after his return on the ninth and earlier than the 22nd. Typhoid is a illness related to consuming ingesting water contaminated with human fecal matter and it’s typically deadly. Ironic that Curt is the person drilling the wells for the town of Rushville to have clear water – though he may clearly have been uncovered elsewhere.

Signs embrace extreme headache, cough, excessive fatigue, stomach cramping and distension, plus a variety of different, extra extreme, signs. Typhoid can final from weeks to months. Typically, if the particular person goes to stay, the fever begins to subside within the 4th week. That’s weeks, not days. 4 lengthy weeks. Holy cow!

Typhoid is very contagious and danger of dying with out therapy with antibiotics is about 20%, typically within the third week of an infection. After all, they didn’t have antibiotics in 1907, so both the illness ran its course and also you lived, otherwise you didn’t. It appears like a horribly lengthy and dreadful ordeal.

Curt will need to have been miserably in poor health. He really hadn’t been nicely because the fall, so typhoid was on high of no matter else was fallacious. Later, we’ll be taught what that “one thing else” is.

  • January 25, 1907 – John Ferveda pall bearer for Miss Maude Foust who died of typhoid adopted by pneumonia.

Apparently, Rushville was having a typhoid epidemic.

That is the primary point out of John Ferverda, Edith’s future husband, in Rushville. We don’t know when John was assigned to the depot there, though we all know that he didn’t start working for the railroad till 1904 and he was in Carthage for some period of time.

Certainly, Rushville properties had been nonetheless utilizing outhouses and related cesspools which was contaminating the ingesting provide.

This graphic illustrates the contamination cycle.

This example in Rushville was in all probability exacerbated by flooding.

An article on January 17th from Evansville relating to the extreme floods said that the circumstances haven’t been worse relative to flooding because the nice flood of 1884. “The current excessive stage [of the water] is backing the water up into the downtown sewers, and an epidemic of typhoid fever has resulted in some sections.”

One other report on January 18th says that the Ohio River is between 10 and 35 miles huge, resembling an ocean. Holy moley.

After all, which means Nora’s mother and father and sisters residing in Aurora, on the Kirsch Home, only a few blocks from the Ohio River had been dramatically affected – as had been her grandparents.

The native Aurora paper reported:

Town was completely reduce off from railroad or traction reference to the skin world, though the phone and telegraph wires had been nonetheless working. Folks can solely get in or out of the town by boat. The final practice to reach needed to really feel its manner alongside tracks coated in a number of locations by water. The telegraph workplace is surrounded by water and needs to be reached by boat.

That telegraph workplace was the depot beside the Kirsch Home.

Town fuel plant shut down due to the shoot and there may be severe hazard of a scarcity of oil. Hazard has been additional enhanced by the toppling over of the massive Normal Oil Tanks undermined by the flood.

In the meantime, the waters proceed to advance and the entire enterprise part of the city has been invaded. About 1800 in all had been rendered homeless by the flood, however these whose properties are nonetheless excessive and dry are generously throwing them open to the refugees. Nice struggling is threatened in case of a sudden chilly snap.

This image of the 1937 flood in Aurora exhibits the magnitude of flooding in river cities and cities.

The Kirsch Home the place Nora grew up was about half a block behind the photographer.

This photograph was taken from the intersection of Second and Bridgeway. You’ll be able to see the identical buildings.

Fundamental Avenue in Aurora through the 1884 flood. Flooding occurred repeatedly.

Lawrenceburg, neighbor city to Aurora, that not like Aurora had a levee, anticipated through the 1907 flood that if the levee was breached, the whole city can be underneath 6-9 ft of water. Rain was falling in torrents with gale pressure winds as the lads tried to bolster the levee and maintain it from breaching through the evening.

Rushville too was immediately on the Flatrock River, and if the rivers had been flooding all through the area, they had been flooding in Rushville too. A Rushville article dated January 3 states that the “whole lowlands is flooded” with the water protecting many roads and that the water is inside 2 or 3 ft of homes in a number of locations.”

These 1913 pictures of flooding in Rushville, courtesy of the Indiana Historical Society, offers an concept of the what flooding in Rushville seemed like when the Lore household lived there.

Rushville resembled a lake. Even the railroad undergirding turned mucky and unstable, inflicting the timbers and rails to twist.

You’ll be able to see the present and waves within the water. Think about how chilly this will need to have been in the midst of winter. Appears to be like like meat and grocery supply was a service as nicely – simply not through the floods.

The rains continued for weeks, explaining how and why typhoid was launched within the winter of 1907 in Rushville.

  • February 22, 1907 – Miss Edith Lore is affected by the grip at her dwelling on west Second Avenue. Her father, Curt Lore nonetheless continues in poor health.

We be taught that each Edith and her father are in poor health, and I’d assume that they each have the grip, one other phrase for flu. However that’s not the case.

  • February 25, 1907 – Miss Leah O’Neil entertained at six o-clock dinner Sunday the Misses Lucile Wilson, Fanny Gregg, Zelma Cox, Harriet Vredenburg, Curtis Lore and Lenore Picket.
  • March 4, 1907 – Curt Lore of West Second continues fairly in poor health.
  • March 6, 1907 – Misses Edith, Eloise and Mildred Lore left yesterday for a visit to Aurora. Miss Edith will enter a enterprise school in Cincinnati.

Wow – a lot to unpack in these articles. Enterprise Faculty, once more, however this time in Cincinnati. And Curt is kind of in poor health and has been now for weeks, since earlier than January 22nd.

I think that the explanation that these 3 daughters went to Aurora was in order that they’d not contract typhoid, or maybe as a result of Nora didn’t need the women to see their father die, or each. Nora very clearly had her fingers full.

However the place was the fourth daughter, Curtis? Why didn’t she go to Aurora too? Curtis, by all stories, was extraordinarily near her father. Our household historical past says that Curtis helped look after Curt, her namesake mother or father. She remained in Rushville whereas Edith left to go to highschool and took the 2 youngest kids along with her. Curtis would have been 16 on March eighth. Some 16th birthday.

I discover it fascinating that Edith went to enterprise school in Cincinnati, not in Indianapolis. Did she decline the Indy scholarship? Did she attend in Indy after which additionally in Cincy? Mother stated that her aunt Carrie paid for Edith’s school in Cincy. Does this indicate that Curt and Nora had been having monetary difficulties? That’s actually attainable, provided that Curt has been very in poor health and unable to work.

This photograph of Eloise taken on the depot in Aurora is labeled 1907, so I strongly suspect it was taken throughout this go to.

Eloise and Mildred in 1907.

Edith lived along with her grandparents on the Kirsch Home, situated beside the depot, and took the practice to Cincinnati every day the place she attended enterprise college.

  • Mrs. Wymond, of Aurora is visiting her sister Mrs. Curt Lore on west Second Avenue. Mr. Lore who has been in poor health a while continues about the identical.
  • March 7, 1907 – Mrs. Joseph Wymond of Aurora who has been the visitor of her sister, Mrs. Curt Lore on west Second avenue returned to her dwelling yesterday afternoon.

If Curt was desperately in poor health, why was Nora’s sister visiting? Maybe she got here to take the women to Aurora, though Edith was sufficiently old to oversee her youthful sisters.

Maybe Carrie was serving to to look after Curt. If he was bedfast, with intestinal signs, Nora in all probability wanted all the assistance she may get.

Or maybe she got here to help her sister.

  • March 8, 1907 – Curt Lore of west Second Avenue is in a precarious situation, with little hope for restoration.

Given this, Nora in all probability requested her sister to come back and take the women in order that they didn’t see their father cross away. Curtis, nevertheless, remained by his facet.

Oh no!

  • March 16 and 18, the identical discover – Curt Lore of west Second avenue stays about the identical.

Curt is hanging on by a thread. Plainly typhoid is doing what oil wells, nitroglycerine and dynamite couldn’t do – lay Curt low.

Curt had been in poor health for over two months now and it seems apparent that the consensus is that he received’t survive.

However Wait…

  • March 21, 1907 – Curt Lore of west Second avenue was in a position to be out using this morning.

That man is wonderful. Three days in the past, he was nonetheless given up for lifeless. This man, I swear, has 9 lives.

  • March 22, 1907 – Clyde Clumber of Silver Lake has succeeded John Ferveda on the Massive 4 station. Mr. Ferveda is situated at Rushville.

Does this imply that John was being transferred elsewhere? With Edith gone, finding out in Cincinnati?

  • March 30, 1907 – Curt Lore was in a position to be uptown once more right now.

I didn’t count on to see this. Curt has clearly escaped the grim reaper and is on the mend. Shut name!

Edith Receives Honors in Cincinnati

  • Could 8, 1907 – Miss Edith Lore of this metropolis who’s attending college in Cincinnati has been extremely complimented by the school of the establishment.

Edith has been at school 2 months. I want this text had offered the title of the establishment.

Some inventive googling with metropolis directories exhibits that there are three candidates for enterprise colleges that Edith may need attended.

The Bartlett Industrial Faculty was situated close to the Union Depot at 641 W. 4th, which might have been the closest distance to stroll from the depot. The Mueller College of Enterprise at 6th and Vine and Nelson’s Enterprise Faculty at 7th and Elm.

Edith discovered workplace abilities, particularly shorthand and administrative abilities, together with bookkeeping.

I want these tutorial data had been out there right now.

  • Could 10, 1907 – Every day Republican, Rushville, Indiana – Jacob Kirsch of Aurora, who has been right here this week on the dwelling of his daughter, Mrs. C. B. Lore and household, of West Second Avenue, returned dwelling yesterday.

That is the one go to by Jacob that I discovered. He would have had a tough time getting away from the Kirsch Home regardless that he was clearly retirement age – 66. I ponder if there was an event or if he simply determined to go to. Maybe as a result of Curt practically died and he wished to help his daughter.

Curt Goes Again to Work

Only a month later, Curt seems to be prepared to return to work.

  • June 10, 1907 – There are two candidates for the place of superintendent of the town water and light-weight plant made vacant by Oliver M. Ong’s resignation. Curt Lore and T. Melville Greenlee are each aspirants for the place.

Attention-grabbing that after his restoration, Curt is now trying to find a job. I ponder what he was doing earlier than and the way the household managed financially whereas he was so desperately in poor health.  Possibly Jacob Kirsch delivered cash.

Curt didn’t get the job, however that didn’t maintain him from working. Though, life’s deck of playing cards appeared to be stacked in opposition to him.

  • June 11, 1907 – Fairly a loss sustained by Curtis Lore yesterday when one in all his horses which he drives to his avenue sprinkler died from some unknown trigger.

That is the second horse that dropped lifeless on Curt, 18 months aside. The primary one was on a farm although, so Curt wasn’t personally concerned.

About this time, Curt will need to have felt like if it weren’t for dangerous luck, he would have had no luck in any respect. He will need to have been crushed and felt defeated.

  • June 24, 1907 – Mildred Lore of West Second avenue has returned dwelling from a number of months go to with kin in Aurora, Indiana. She was accompanied dwelling by her sister, Miss Edith.

This was 3 months after Edith left to attend enterprise college. Mom stated that Edith’s Aunt, Carrie, paid for Edith’s education. Was this the extent of Edith’s school training?  Was there extra education but to come back?

Mildred was born in 1899, so she would have been 8 years previous. How was she in a position to go to Aurora for months on finish? What about college?


  • June 25, 1907 – Metropolis Marshal Worth arrested Curt Lore this afternoon on West Second avenue on a cost of scary an officer.

Oh my! This man is stuffed with surprises!

  • June 26, 1907 – Lore Trial Will Come Up Monday – Metropolis Marshal Declares that Lore insisted on Making Upsetting Declarations – Curt Lore was earlier than Mayor Cowing this morning, charged with scary an officer and his trial was set for subsequent Monday morning. F. J. Corridor appeared for him. The case is the result of an altercation between Lore and Metropolis Marshal Worth. The controversy arose over a press release Lore is alleged to have made to Worth declaring that the town officers solely made arrests to safe the charges. This incensed the officer and after repeated calls for of Lore to chorus from making such a press release, he was positioned underneath arrest.
  • July 2, 1907 – Particular Decide Will Hear the Curt Lore Case – The trial of Curt Lore who’s charged with provoke on Metropolis Marshal Worth was once more postponed yesterday in Mayor Cowing’s courtroom, and the case will probably be heard Friday morning by Particular Decide George Younger. A constable will probably be sworn in to meet the town marshal’s duties in making up a jury.

Was a particular choose required as a result of Curt or the Marshall was buddies with the choose?

  • July 3, 1907 – Miss Curtis Lore of West Second avenue will go to Aurora Saturday for a go to along with her grandparents.

I would like a scorecard to maintain observe of the place the women are. Despite the fact that this prolonged household lived in separate cities, they remained very shut, regardless of distance. This was in all probability facilitated by the truth that each households lived very near the depots in Rushville and Aurora. The granddaughters spent a substantial amount of time with their grandparents and aunts on the Kirsch Home. Their great-grandparents, Barbara Drechsel Kirsch’s mother and father had been residing as nicely, with Barbara Mehlheimer Drechsel passing away in January of 1906 and George Drechsel in February of 1908 at age 85.

Possibly they went to go to their grandparents as a result of Nora didn’t need them at dwelling through the trial. Curt Lore appeared to be a bit hotheaded and I’d wager, he was swearing a bit. Nora actually would NOT have wished her women listening to that.

  • July 5, 1907

The courtroom sustaining the movement implies that the choose agrees with the movement. Quashing an indictment implies that it’s made void or invalid.

That is over. I assume hiring legal professional Corridor was definitely worth the cash for Curt. Nora was in all probability livid with him.

This episode leaves me with two ideas. First, that maybe Curt wasn’t completely “proper” after his extreme sickness, or perhaps there may be extra to this story that we’ll by no means know.

By no means Thoughts – Nothing to See Right here

My second thought is the outstanding distinction between this drama involving Curt and the subsequent entry about his spouse who, the identical day, is seemingly taking part in playing cards and attempting to behave as if nothing has occurred. “Nothing to see right here. Simply males being males. Stick with it.”

  • July 6, 1907 – A pleasant time was spent Wednesday afternoon on the Social membership when Mrs. Oliver Dale entertained the three card golf equipment. A 3 course luncheon was served. Mrs. Curtis Lore received the honors for the 5 Hundred.

5 Hundred will need to have turn into a household custom. Mother performed along with her mom, Edith, and I performed with my Mother.

  • July 9, 1907 – Curt Lore was in Greensburg this morning on enterprise.
  • August 3, 1907 – Mrs. J. R. Whyman (is that this Wymond?) of Aurora, Indiana is the visitor of Mrs. C. B. Lore on West Second Avenue.

I think that is Nora’s sister, with the initials mistyped and the final title misspelled.

  • August 3, 1907 – Miss Eloise Lore, daughter and Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Lore returned right now from 6 months keep in Aurora.

Wow – 6 months. That’s a VERY very long time to be away from dwelling, particularly for a younger little one. That is odd.

  • August 9, 1907 – Misses Curtis Lore and Lucile Meredith are the company of Miss Pauline Coverston at Goshen.
  • August 19, 1907 – Miss Curtis Lore will play piano on the Star starting tonight.

The Star seems to be a movie show the place movies are proven. This entry appeared underneath “Amusements.”

  • September 5, 1907 – Competition Queen Voting Vigorous: First Day Marks Many Nominations and Many Votes are Solid

At first, I considered this as trivial, however then observed the prize – a piano. Clearly NOT trivial, however Curtis isn’t within the lead.

Edith had returned dwelling in June. The youngest daughter, Eloise was despatched to Aurora as nicely in February, in regards to the time that the Typhoid epidemic hit and returned dwelling in August. Each Curtis and Mildred, the center daughters, appear to have remained at dwelling.

Constructing Bridges

By October, Curt was bidding on bridge restore contracts and touring once more.

  • October 7, 1907 – There have been two bridge contracts awarded. The constructing of the Hinchman Bridge was let to Curtis Lore at $828.
  • October 9, 1907 – Curt Lore made a enterprise journey to Indianapolis and Columbus yesterday.
  • October 11, 1907 – Curt Lore has obtained the metal for the development of the HInchman bridge and work will start instantly.

How did Curt know tips on how to construct bridges? Bridges and oil wells don’t appear related. Apparently Curt turned a contractor, both deliberately or unintentionally throughout this time.

If cash might be made, Curt, the consummate entrepreneur, found out how and executed on that plan.


By November 1907, we all know that Edith was at the very least flirting with John Ferverda. She despatched him a postcard along with her photograph on the entrance. This at the very least means that she resides again at dwelling, and her education solely lasted for 3 months.

  • November 20, 1907 – Curt Lore, the contractor, has simply accomplished the excavation for a vault being constructed for Theo. Reed at East Hill cemetery. It is going to be constructed of concrete and have 9 receptacles for caskets in it. The vault will probably be situated on the facet of a hill within the new a part of the cemetery.

Okay, add mausoleum builder to Curt’s prolonged resume. This substantial constructing nonetheless stands right now.

  • December 18, 1907 – Miss Estelle Brehm, of Spokane, Washington comes this week to spend the vacations along with her cousin, Mrs. C. B. Lore in West Second Avenue.

Estelle Brehm, born in 1884 in Chicago, is the daughter of Nora’s mom’s sister.

  • December 19, 1907 – Expensive Santa Claus: Please convey me a doll, a go-cart, a sled, some sweet and oranges. Your good friend, Mildred Lore


This oh-so-cute photograph is labeled “Mildred and Eloise, Rushville, 1908.” Given the winter scene, I’d suspect it was January or February. I certainly want I acknowledged a type of homes right now.

After all, I’ve to chortle. Is Mildred sitting on a sled? Possibly she had been good and Santa delivered!

  • January 24, 1908 – Mrs. J. S. Wymond of Aurora is right here the visitor of her sister, Mrs. C. B. Lore in West Second Avenue.
  • February 26, 1908 – George Drechsel, Nora’s grandfather, died in Aurora and was buried on the 28th. There may be nothing within the paper to point that both Nora or her sister went dwelling to Aurora and attended his funeral, however I wager they did.

The Watson Magnificence Bunch

Based mostly on varied newspaper articles, it seems that there have been two teams of girls known as the “Watson Magnificence Bunch.” The primary group was disbanded on February 8, 1908 the place it was reported that “they acquired their final pay envelope and an honorable discharge this night.” Nonetheless, that actually wasn’t the tip of the road.

The “Magnificence Bunch” seems to have been reconstituted shortly thereafter with new ladies. Edith Lore was a member of the second group which was shaped in an effort to garner publicity and get candidate Jim Watson elected.

  • March 12, 1908

  • March 20, 1908 – In a neighborhood minstrel expertise present that packed the theater, we discover “the Misses Curtis Lore and Mabel Condon performed piano for the varied acts and songs.”
  • April 2, 1908 – Watson Magnificence Bunch:

Edith’s education paid off in that she secured a high-profile place with Jim Watson’s political campaign. Right now, we’d look askance at this characterization, however within the time and place the place she lived, being a part of the “Magnificence Bunch” would have been way more thrilling that what the opposite younger ladies in Rushville had been doing.

These younger women had been in a position to journey and meet thrilling folks.

Watson had a crew of younger ladies, stenographers, who wrote his flyers, in all probability his speeches, and labored as his workers to get him elected.

By studying this newspaper account of Watson’s nomination, we will share in a number of the heady environment of that day as Edith pinned badges on supporters at Watson’s headquarters. How she will need to have liked the vitality generated by doing one thing she believed in.

She will need to have been so excited. This subsequent article conveys a few of that electrical energy, even 113 years, nearly to the day, later.

The Watson Magnificence Bunch group photograph was printed many instances.

The Watson Magnificence Bunch would have been thought of very sexist right now, in essence exploiting ladies, and never for his or her profit. I don’t understand how Edith felt about this, then or later – though she typically advised tales about this time to her household. For Edith, these appeared to be “the nice previous days.” My mom talked about this, and by no means in a unfavorable context, merely as one thing fascinating involving her mom’s involvement with politics earlier than ladies even had the suitable to vote.

Edith and the opposite “Magnificence Bunch” women skilled some quantity of notoriety and their involvement was thrilling and distinctive for that point.

This expertise formed Edith. In 1920 and 1921, she focused on obtaining Indiana’s ratification of the 19th amendment permitting ladies the suitable to vote, then registering ladies the next yr and dealing the polls. She offered a welcoming, pleasant face on the polling location, explaining the voting course of to ladies unsure about tips on how to vote that first time.

Edith clearly believed in what she was doing and he or she made a distinction. Possibly a little bit of Curt’s tenacity and “can do” angle rubbed off on her.

I smile and consider her each single time I vote. I’m grateful to her and the opposite ladies who advocated for that proper.

Based mostly on this subsequent brief article, maybe these women felt that they had been concerned in one thing bigger than themselves – that they had been in a position to be acknowledged contributors as a substitute of remaining invisible and nameless.

  • March 17, 1908, Indianapolis Star

Mom stated that James Watson wished Edith to accompany him to Washington DC to work for him completely, however she declined – a call she all the time regretted. Watson, a Republican, was defeated in his 1908 bid for Indiana governor after resigning his seat within the Home of Representatives to run for governor, however continued to be very influential in politics, ultimately returning to Washington within the Senate.

Edith married John Ferverda simply 10 days after James Watson’s defeat. I ponder if these two gadgets are in any manner related.

It’s unhappy that in 1908 the extent of those ladies’s acknowledged contributions had been as stenographers and eye sweet.

One other perspective can be that whereas Watson actually couldn’t assist how ladies had been socially perceived and the institutional discrimination that existed at the moment, he was giving credit score the place credit score was due, permitting these usually marginalized to the shadows to expertise some limelight. I can’t converse to his motivation, however I’m actually delighted to have this details about an especially fascinating and inspirational chapter in Edith’s life.

Her abilities opened doorways and her instance paved the way in which for others.

A stenographer was “one who transcribes,” in accordance with Wikipedia, “reminiscent of a secretary who takes dictation,” typically in shorthand.

Edith’s stint in enterprise college wasn’t actually about enterprise in any respect, however centered extra on secretarial abilities that had been supportive to these in enterprise. Few jobs or profession alternatives had been out there to ladies at the moment, and stenography was one which was.  The barrier to entry was apparently “enterprise college.” Even secretarial jobs required abilities and coaching past what most girls had been prone to possess. Right now, individuals who fill a lot of these positions are extra aptly known as administrative assistants. They had been typically the glue that held the whole lot collectively.

Regardless of the restrictive nature of those positions, it was this ability set that noticed Edith’s household via the Nice Melancholy. Aunt Carrie would have been more than happy that her funding reaped life-saving advantages for her niece, years after Carrie had handed on. Maybe that early scholarship had, certainly, been life-changing.

  • April 2, 1908 – Story protecting the conference: Miss Mae Bebout and Miss Edith Lore of this metropolis…officiated at headquarters, pinning Watson badges on all who entered.
  • April 9, 1908 – The Watson Magnificence Bunch could have a “Dissolution Dinner” at Whitehead’s Saturday night.

Constructing Bridges

Then as now, highway upkeep begins within the spring, nearly Easter time, and continues via late fall when the bottom freezes.

  • April 18, 1908 – Easter Sunday studying on the First Presbyterian Church by Mildred Lore: “Daisies within the Meadow”
  • Could 7, 1908 – Curt Lore was in Connersville yesterday night on enterprise.
  • Could 25, 1908 – Mrs. C. B. Lore and daughter Mildred left Saturday for a go to with kin at Aurora.
  • Could 28, 1908 – Quite a few contracts had been awarded…C. B. Lore was profitable on the Rudy Arch, $214, Sales space bridge $514, Kennedy bridge restore, $410 and Kiplinger, $750.

The Library of Congress exhibits this drawing of the Kennedy Bridge, inbuilt 1881. Curt repaired it in 1908.

After all, right now, drivers don’t even notice they’re crossing a physique of water.

  • June 5, 1908 – Miss Ethel Walker of Shelbyville is visiting Miss Curtis Lore this week.
  • June 6, 1908 – Curt Lore who was not too long ago awarded numerous bridge constructing contracts went to Cincinnati right now the place he bought a big cement mixer.
  • June 7, 1908 – Curt Lore was in Connersville yesterday night on enterprise.

I can’t assist however marvel what Curt was doing in these varied places the place he traveled repeatedly all through his residence in Rushville.

  • June 10, 1908 – C. B. Lore has returned from a visit to Columbus and Indianapolis
  • June 10, 1908 – C. B. Lore who bought a big concrete mixer at Cincinnati this week started work right now on the Sales space bridges, south of this metropolis.

Frog Searching

  • June 12, 1908 – Took Wagon Alongside to Haul Dollar – Occasion Went Frogging However Horse Did Not Undergo Hauling Bagged Sport. – In a frog searching occasion that began in a spring wagon however solely captured six of the inexperienced backs final evening alongside Flatrock had been <names omitted>, John Ferveda and Edith Lore. The standard catch for a small boy is 50 frogs in a single evening, however this throws no discredit on the occasion because it was not evening for bucks.

So John Ferverda took Edith on a frog-hunting date??? In these lengthy skirts?  And she or he married him anyway! Should have been real love!

Possibly they weren’t actually concentrating on these frogs…hmmm.

Summer season in Rushville

  • June 13, 1908 – Recitation at Presbyterian Church by Eloise Lore – “The Occasion”
  • July 2, 1908 – Miss Edith Lore will go to Lake Tippecanoe tomorrow to spend a two week trip with kin and buddies.

If Edith spent two weeks at Lake Tippecanoe, she clearly wasn’t employed someplace.

  • July 3, 1908 – Miss Edith Lore went to Lake Tippecanoe right now for a go to with kin.

I’m unclear as to who, however I believe somebody within the household owned a cottage on the lake.

  • July 9, 1908 – Ed Kirsch has returned to his dwelling in Burnsides, Kentucky after a go to along with his sister, Mrs. C. B. Lore in West Second Avenue.

That is Ed’s solely go to that I’ve discovered. Nora’s different brother, Martin, apparently by no means visited or if he did, it didn’t get reported within the paper.

  • July 27, 1908 – Miss Chloe Ferveda has returned to her dwelling close to Lake Tippecanoe after a go to right here with Miss Edith Lore.

Aha – maybe Edith’s go to to the lake was to spend time with John Ferverda’s household.

  • July 18, 1908 – Miss Edith Lore has returned from a go to with buddies at Lake Tippecanoe.

Chloe Ferverda is John Ferverda’s sister. Was the household checking Edith out as attainable in-law materials? Is that why Edith visited Lake Tippecanoe?

  • August 5, 1908 – Miss Curtis Lore will go to Aurora subsequent week for a go to with kin.

Curtis would have been 17 years previous and possibly traveled on the practice by herself. When she stepped off the practice on the depot in Aurora, she was actually on her grandmother’s doorstep.

Amusement Park Summertime Enjoyable

We don’t consider our ancestors a century in the past visiting amusement parks, however they did. In reality, that was the start of that summer season custom.

  • August 10, 1908 – Misses Curtis Lore and <names omitted>, of this metropolis had been in Indianapolis yesterday. They visited Wonderland and Riverside Park.

These two amusement parks had been new at the moment. Riverside opened in 1903 and didn’t shut till 1970. Wonderland, a trolley and water themed park, proven under, opened in 1906, was raided for promoting unlawful liquor in 1911, and subsequently burned.

I can’t think about visiting an amusement park sporting these lengthy multi-layered attire.

  • August 29, 1908 – Misses Mildred and Eloise Lore returned Friday afternoon after a go to with W. R. Coverston and household at Goshen.
  • September 23, 1908 – C. B. Lore is at Knightstown on enterprise right now.
  • September 24, 1908 – The brand new Republican headquarters on the bottom ground of the Ok of P constructing are essentially the most ample ever secured. County Chairman Charles A. Frazee is in cost and Miss Edith Lore is officiating as stenographer. Drop in and perform a little dictating, is the slogan; speak it over and cross your hand round. All people made welcome.
  • September 25, 1908 – Mrs. Theodore Bosse of Aurora is the visitor of Mrs. C. B. Lore.

Mrs. Theodore Bosse was “Aunt Lou,” Nora’s aunt, her mom’s sister who was widowed and had remarried on Could 3, 1908 to Theodore Busse/Bosse in Aurora. I’m positive Nora was thrilled to see her aunt who arrived with Nora’s mother, Aunt Lou’s sister.

  • September 25, 1908 – Mrs. Jacob Kirsch visiting her daughter Mrs. C. B. Lore.


Nora’s mom, Barbara Drechsel Kirsch was having a tricky yr. Her father died. Barbara’s daughter, Lou, and husband, Charles “Todd” Fiske, had come dwelling to stay. Todd had misplaced his job as a civil engineer, a scenario he discovered devastating, forcing the couple to return to the Kirsch Home to stay. A number of weeks later, on October 31st, Halloween, tragedy struck. It’s factor Barbara visited Nora when she did.

  • October 15, 1908 – Circuit courtroom allowances – Edith B. Lore – courtroom stenographer $8.00

I had no concept my grandmother was a courtroom stenographer, recording trials by taking shorthand, a specialized skill.

  • October 28, 1908 – Evening Parade for Saturday Republican Rally – Fireworks Committee – Curt Lore.

On Halloween night, October 31, 1908, Todd Fiske, husband of Nora’s sister, Lou Kirsch Fiske, dedicated suicide by capturing himself within the courtyard on the Kirsch Home in Aurora, Indiana.

November 5, 1908 – Seymour Indiana Tribute

Three days later, on November 3rd, the Indiana election was held through which James Watson was defeated. Whereas the Watson Magnificence Bunch had apparently been formally disbanded, which means they had been not paid – they continued to look in at public occasions and are talked about typically within the newspaper. They participated in parades, using floats, carried out readings, and had been typically entrance, middle and visual.

Edith will need to have been extraordinarily dissatisfied with the result of the election. To not point out heartbroken for the grief her household was experiencing on account of two deaths.

A double whammy, particularly because the women spent a lot time in Aurora with their grandparents and aunts.

  • November 9, 1908 – Miss Edith Lore left this morning for a go to at Aurora.
  • November 10, 1908 – Miss Edith Lore went to Aurora yesterday for an prolonged go to with kin.
  • November 14, 1908 – Miss Edith Lore returned right now from a go to along with her grandparents in Aurora.

Did Edith have information to share along with her grandmother or was she merely going to take part within the funeral? The place was Nora and the opposite Lore daughters? Why didn’t they journey to Aurora?

Is one thing else occurring?

  • November 15, 1908 – Tremendous musical program rendered on the First Presbyterian church Sunday may was a quartette…John Ferveda, tenor.

I by no means knew my grandfather sang, outdoors the final choir, or that he was a tenor.

The paper has constantly misspelled his title in each entry. Goes to indicate the worth of trying to find variants of names.

Shock Wedding ceremony!

Three days later, we discover at the very least some solutions.

  • November 17, 1908 – A wedding license was issued yesterday night to Miss Edith Barbara Lore and John Whitney Ferveda.
  • November 18, 1908 – Miss. Edith Barbara Lore and Mr. John Whitney Ferveda had been quietly married on the Presbyterian church parsonage in North Harrison Avenue final evening by Rev. J. L. Cowling.

Nobody within the household ever knew that this wedding ceremony was “quiet.” Edith was assuredly not pregnant, in order that wasn’t the explanation. Their first little one wasn’t born for greater than 7 years.

If this wedding ceremony had been being deliberate beforehand, there would have been invites and the whole occasion would have been a social occurring in Rushville. The Lore household was well-known.

Why was did the wedding happen presently, within the parsonage and never the church, and “quietly?” Why subdued with no celebration? The identical day because the license was issued? A Tuesday. Did they resolve to get married on the spur of the second? Did they inform ANYONE prematurely?

Did her mother and father and sisters attend? Clearly, her aunts and grandparents didn’t.

That is so out-of-character for this household. Why?

And what about John Ferverda’s household?

  • November 21, 1908

Why is this text titled, “Left a Deep Impression?”

I think that quietly married meant that it was a non-public, not public, service, with simply the bride and groom and maybe her mother and father.

I ponder if, given Edith’s father’s sickness that they merely couldn’t afford a marriage. Which will nicely have been true, however maybe there have been different elements concerned too.

The suicide three weeks earlier certainly affected everybody within the household. Jim Watson misplaced the election. Edith married simply 10 days later. Did Edith produce other plans had Watson received? Did Todd’s suicide make Edith notice that life was brief and maybe she ought to marry her love?

Possibly some mixture?

We’ll by no means know.

Or maybe it was quiet for an additional purpose.

John Ferverda’s household was Brethren, so they’d not have been happy about this marriage. Was the “quiet” wedding ceremony an effort to spare his household, or for his household’s disapproval to not be made public by their conspicuous absence at a marriage?

John wasn’t the one Ferverda brother to marry outdoors the religion and inform his mother and father later. The Ferverda household had met Edith throughout her summer season go to. Edith’s stenography, attending school and Magnificence Bunch membership would have rubbed in opposition to the grain of anticipated feminine conduct inside the Brethren religion.

John and Edith may have married on the Kirsch Home, however then once more, given Todd’s premature dying, that wasn’t such a good suggestion both.

The opposite tidbit on this article is that Curt drilled the primary fuel nicely in Greensburg. I ponder when? We all know he resided in Findlay, Ohio however had been drilling in Greensburg for a number of months when he married Nora in January of 1888.

Analysis in newspapers and historic books signifies that 1889 and 1890 had been years of intensive fuel drilling in adjoining communities. I might guess that the fuel nicely is what prompted the household’s transfer to Greensburg between 1888 and 1890.


4 days after her wedding ceremony, Mrs. Edith Lore Ferverda hosted her buddies. That “Mrs.” is a coveted standing image, so vital to notice.

  • November 23, 1908 – The Watson Magnificence Bunch had been entertained by Mrs. Edith Lore Ferveda at her dwelling in West Second avenue final Saturday night.

This was in all probability Edith’s wedding ceremony reception, of kinds. The newlyweds didn’t even have time for a honeymoon – even a brief journey. Nothing was talked about within the paper.

By now, with the newspaper announcement, everybody would have identified that Edith and John had married. They had been residing along with her mother and father, at the very least briefly. Despite the fact that right now, we don’t know what was occurring behind the scenes – belief me – everybody in Rushville did.

For now, we fade to black for the subsequent few months.

There was extra occurring than met the attention.

Within the frozen depths of the 1909 winter, we’ll discover out precisely what…



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