We’re all concerning the science right here at 23andMe, and that’s what makes DNA Day so particular for us right here.
Established again in 2003, DNA Day was meant to commemorate two large milestones — the invention of the double-helix construction of DNA in 1953; and the decoding of the human genome 50 years later. DNA Day has turn into greater than only a day to commemorate these milestones, but in addition a day to teach.
So right here’s a fast primer on these two milestones.
Watson and Crick
James Watson and Francis Crick printed their description of the structure of DNA on April 23, 1953, within the journal Nature. In 1962, the pair, together with Maurie Wilkins, received a Nobel prize for his or her work. It’s nonetheless thought-about some of the vital scientific contributions of the final century.
Disregarded of that recognition was Rosalind Franklin, whose x-ray pictures of DNA have been crucial to fixing its construction. She handed away in 1958. You may study her profession and her contributions at “The Secret of Photo 51,” which was put collectively for the PBS program NOVA a number of years in the past.
Human Genome Venture
Over 13-years, the Human Genome Project mustered sources from the U.S. Division of Power and the Nationwide Institutes of Well being with the aim of mapping the human genome. An enormous workforce of scientists labored to establish all of the greater than 20,000 genes in human DNA and decide the sequence of the three billion base pairs that make up the human genome. They accomplished the work in 2003.
For a way more detailed have a look at the historical past and accomplishments from the mission go to the Nationwide Human Genome Institute’s Human Genome Project web page, or to try the info go to the NCBI Human Genome Resources web page.
23andMe shaped simply three years after scientists sketched out that first tough draft of the human genome. Our mission stays to assist individuals entry, perceive, and profit from the human genome.
Now 15 years on, 23andMe opened up private discoveries for tens of millions of consumers, providing customers direct entry to genetic testing with out the necessity of an middleman. 23andMe has additionally turn into a device for individuals to study and discover genetics and take part in vital genetic research.
As our CEO and co-founder Anne Wojcicki as soon as mentioned about 23andMe:
“We’re not only a genetics firm. We’re not only a well being firm; we’re not simply ancestry; we’re all of this stuff. We wish to let you know about you.”
Discover out extra here.
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